The uptake kinetics of elemental gaseous Hg (Hg0) in three species of epiphytic lichens (Pseudevernia furfuracea, Evernia prunastri, and Xanthoria parietina) were investigated under four different Hg concentrations (10, 15, 30, and 45 μg/m3) and three different temperatures (10, 20, and 30 °C) with the aim of evaluating the lichen efficiency for Hg 0 accumulation and their potential use in the estimate of atmospheric concentrations of this metal in the field. The results showed that under our experimental conditions the lichens accumulated Hg according to exposure time and that the metal is not released back to the atmosphere after Hg0 was removed from the air (clearance). Pseudevernia furfuracea showed the highest Hg accumulation capacity and Evernia prunastri showed the lowest, but in these species the metal uptake kinetics was affected by temperature. Xanthoria parietina showed an intermediate metal accumulation capacity and a Hg accumulation rate independent of temperature (in the range 10-30 °C). The use of first-order kinetics equations for Hg uptake in X. parietina and available field data on Hg bioaccumulation in this species allowed reliable estimates of atmospheric Hg concentrations in the environment. © 2014 American Chemical Society.
Estimating atmospheric mercury concentrations with lichens / Vannini, Andrea; Nicolardi, Valentina; Bargagli, Roberto; Loppi, Stefano. - In: ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY. - ISSN 0013-936X. - 48:15(2014), pp. 8754-8759. [10.1021/es500866k]
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