Current scientific literature has identified the infant gut microbiota as a multifaceted organ influencing a range of aspects of host-health and development. Many scientific studies have focused on characterizing the main microbial taxa that constitute the resident bacterial population of the infant gut. This has generated a wealth of information on the bacterial composition of the infant gut microbiota, and on the functional role/s exerted by their key microbial members. In this context, one of the most prevalent, abundant and investigated microbial taxon in the human infant gut is the genus Bifidobacterium, due to the purported beneficial activities is bestows upon its host. This review discusses the most recent findings regarding the infant gut microbiota with a particular focus on the molecular mechanisms by which bifidobacteria impact on host health and well-being.
The human gut microbiota during the initial stages of life: insights from bifidobacteria / Turroni, F.; Milani, C.; Ventura, M.; van Sinderen, D.. - In: CURRENT OPINION IN BIOTECHNOLOGY. - ISSN 0958-1669. - 73(2021), pp. 81-87. [10.1016/j.copbio.2021.07.012]
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