Novel distractors are prioritized for attentional selection. When distractors also convey emotional content, they divert attention from the primary task more than neutral stimuli do. In the present study, while participants were engaged in a central task, we examined the impact of peripheral distractors that varied for emotional content and novelty. Results showed that emotional interference on reaction times completely habituated with repetition and promptly recovered with novelty. The enhanced LPP for emotional pictures was attenuated by repetitions and, interestingly, stimulus novelty only affected emotional, but not neutral distractors, in both the RTs and LPP. Alpha-ERD was similarly reduced for repeated emotional and neutral distractors. Altogether, these findings suggest that the impact of peripheral distractors can be attenuated through a non-strategic learning mechanism mediated by mere stimulus repetition, which is fine-tuned to detect changes in emotional distractors only, supporting the hypothesis that novelty and emotion share the same motivational circuits.

Stimulus novelty and emotionality interact in the processing of visual distractors / Ferrari, Vera; Canturi, Francesca; Codispoti, Maurizio. - In: BIOLOGICAL PSYCHOLOGY. - ISSN 0301-0511. - 167:(2022), p. 108238. [10.1016/j.biopsycho.2021.108238]

Stimulus novelty and emotionality interact in the processing of visual distractors

Ferrari, Vera;Canturi, Francesca;
2022

Abstract

Novel distractors are prioritized for attentional selection. When distractors also convey emotional content, they divert attention from the primary task more than neutral stimuli do. In the present study, while participants were engaged in a central task, we examined the impact of peripheral distractors that varied for emotional content and novelty. Results showed that emotional interference on reaction times completely habituated with repetition and promptly recovered with novelty. The enhanced LPP for emotional pictures was attenuated by repetitions and, interestingly, stimulus novelty only affected emotional, but not neutral distractors, in both the RTs and LPP. Alpha-ERD was similarly reduced for repeated emotional and neutral distractors. Altogether, these findings suggest that the impact of peripheral distractors can be attenuated through a non-strategic learning mechanism mediated by mere stimulus repetition, which is fine-tuned to detect changes in emotional distractors only, supporting the hypothesis that novelty and emotion share the same motivational circuits.
Stimulus novelty and emotionality interact in the processing of visual distractors / Ferrari, Vera; Canturi, Francesca; Codispoti, Maurizio. - In: BIOLOGICAL PSYCHOLOGY. - ISSN 0301-0511. - 167:(2022), p. 108238. [10.1016/j.biopsycho.2021.108238]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11381/2911150
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