AIM: The aim of the study is to assess the relationship between cranio-facial morphology and the severity of OSA. METHODS: A sample of 14 adult patients (8 males and 6 females, mean±SD age=58±16.9 years), with a polysomnography confirmed diagnosis of OSA (i.e., AHI over 5 events/h), was recruited from the Department of Clinical-Surgical, Diagnostic and Pediatric Sciences, Section of Dentistry (Pavia) and underwent a cephalometric evaluation. The cephalometric tracing was performed with Tweed analysis and using the Delta-Dent CE software. Sleep parameters such as AHI, AHI supine, ODI and mean desaturation (%) were assessed. Correlation analysis between cephalometric features and AHI was performed by means of Pearson test. RESULTS: Five of the OSA patients were diagnosed with mild OSA, 3 with moderate OSA, and 6 with severe OSA. Mean AHI was 24,3±19.3/h, mean AHI supine 56,9/h, mean Oxygen Desaturation Index (ODI) 18,95/h, mean desaturation 93,55 %. Cephalometric variables were FMA 19,3±1,4; SNB 78,8±0,8; ANB 1,25±3,4; Occl Plane 12,35 ± 9,1; PFH 50,8±11. Pearson test showed a lack of correlation with any of the assessed cephalometric variables (p>.05). CONCLUSIONS: This investigation showed that apnea severity is not correlated to craniofacial parameters. However, most of the patients in the sample showed a reduced FMA, a tendency to skeletal class III, an anterotation of the occlusal plane. Furthermore, prosthetic rehabilitations of the posterior sectors were found in many patients.

Craniofacial morphology in patients with obstructive sleep apnoea / Bertuzzi, F; Campagnoli, G; Corna, E; Pollis, M; Santagostini, A; Segu', M. - In: DENTAL CADMOS. - ISSN 0011-8524. - STAMPA. - (2021). ((Intervento presentato al convegno 28°CONGRESSO NAZIONALE Collegio dei Docenti Universitari di Discipline Odontostomatologiche nel 22-24 aprile 2021.

Craniofacial morphology in patients with obstructive sleep apnoea

SEGU' M
2021

Abstract

AIM: The aim of the study is to assess the relationship between cranio-facial morphology and the severity of OSA. METHODS: A sample of 14 adult patients (8 males and 6 females, mean±SD age=58±16.9 years), with a polysomnography confirmed diagnosis of OSA (i.e., AHI over 5 events/h), was recruited from the Department of Clinical-Surgical, Diagnostic and Pediatric Sciences, Section of Dentistry (Pavia) and underwent a cephalometric evaluation. The cephalometric tracing was performed with Tweed analysis and using the Delta-Dent CE software. Sleep parameters such as AHI, AHI supine, ODI and mean desaturation (%) were assessed. Correlation analysis between cephalometric features and AHI was performed by means of Pearson test. RESULTS: Five of the OSA patients were diagnosed with mild OSA, 3 with moderate OSA, and 6 with severe OSA. Mean AHI was 24,3±19.3/h, mean AHI supine 56,9/h, mean Oxygen Desaturation Index (ODI) 18,95/h, mean desaturation 93,55 %. Cephalometric variables were FMA 19,3±1,4; SNB 78,8±0,8; ANB 1,25±3,4; Occl Plane 12,35 ± 9,1; PFH 50,8±11. Pearson test showed a lack of correlation with any of the assessed cephalometric variables (p>.05). CONCLUSIONS: This investigation showed that apnea severity is not correlated to craniofacial parameters. However, most of the patients in the sample showed a reduced FMA, a tendency to skeletal class III, an anterotation of the occlusal plane. Furthermore, prosthetic rehabilitations of the posterior sectors were found in many patients.
Craniofacial morphology in patients with obstructive sleep apnoea / Bertuzzi, F; Campagnoli, G; Corna, E; Pollis, M; Santagostini, A; Segu', M. - In: DENTAL CADMOS. - ISSN 0011-8524. - STAMPA. - (2021). ((Intervento presentato al convegno 28°CONGRESSO NAZIONALE Collegio dei Docenti Universitari di Discipline Odontostomatologiche nel 22-24 aprile 2021.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11381/2910547
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