Introduction: Bronchodilators are the cornerstone of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) therapy and long-acting muscarinic antagonists (LAMAs) as a mono or combination treatment play a pivotal role. Several LAMAs are already available on the market in different formulations, but developing a new compound with a higher M3 receptor selectivity and a lower affinity to M2 receptors to increase the therapeutic effect and minimize the adverse effects is still a goal. Moreover, new formulations could improve adherence to therapy. Areas Covered: This systematic review assesses investigational long-acting muscarinic antagonist in Phase I and II clinical trials over the last decade. It offers insights on whether LAMAs and/or their new formulations in clinical development can become effective treatments for COPD in the future. Expert Opinion: Research on LAMA seems to have come to a standstill, the few new molecules under study do not show distinctive characteristics compared to the previous ones. Muscarinic antagonist/β2-agonist (MABAs) appear to be the major innovation currently under investigation, and they could theoretically open new research frontiers on the effect between adrenergic and muscarinic interaction in the same cell.

Long-acting muscarinic antagonists under investigational to treat chronic obstructive pulmonary disease / Ora, J.; Coppola, A.; Cazzola, M.; Calzetta, L.; Rogliani, P.. - In: JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PHARMACOLOGY. - ISSN 1179-1454. - 12:(2020), pp. 559-574. [10.2147/JEP.S259330]

Long-acting muscarinic antagonists under investigational to treat chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

Calzetta L.;
2020

Abstract

Introduction: Bronchodilators are the cornerstone of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) therapy and long-acting muscarinic antagonists (LAMAs) as a mono or combination treatment play a pivotal role. Several LAMAs are already available on the market in different formulations, but developing a new compound with a higher M3 receptor selectivity and a lower affinity to M2 receptors to increase the therapeutic effect and minimize the adverse effects is still a goal. Moreover, new formulations could improve adherence to therapy. Areas Covered: This systematic review assesses investigational long-acting muscarinic antagonist in Phase I and II clinical trials over the last decade. It offers insights on whether LAMAs and/or their new formulations in clinical development can become effective treatments for COPD in the future. Expert Opinion: Research on LAMA seems to have come to a standstill, the few new molecules under study do not show distinctive characteristics compared to the previous ones. Muscarinic antagonist/β2-agonist (MABAs) appear to be the major innovation currently under investigation, and they could theoretically open new research frontiers on the effect between adrenergic and muscarinic interaction in the same cell.
Long-acting muscarinic antagonists under investigational to treat chronic obstructive pulmonary disease / Ora, J.; Coppola, A.; Cazzola, M.; Calzetta, L.; Rogliani, P.. - In: JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PHARMACOLOGY. - ISSN 1179-1454. - 12:(2020), pp. 559-574. [10.2147/JEP.S259330]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11381/2910149
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