Background and Purpose: Combining inhaled corticosteroids (ICSs), long-acting β2-adrenoceptor agonists (LABAs) and long-acting muscarinic antagonists (LAMAs) is recommended to treat severe forms of asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Clinical benefits have been demonstrated for ICS/LABA/LAMA combinations. This study characterized the interaction between the ICS beclomethasone dipropionate, the LABA formoterol fumarate and the LAMA glycopyrronium bromide in human airways. Experimental Approach: Human passively sensitized airways and bronchi from COPD donors were stimulated with histamine or carbachol. Tissues were incubated overnight with beclomethasone and then treated with formoterol and glycopyrronium, alone or in triple combination. The interaction was assessed by using Bliss Independence and Unified Theory theorems. Key Results: Beclomethasone/formoterol/glycopyrronium combination synergistically relaxed medium bronchi and small airways. Beclomethasone/formoterol/glycopyrronium combination at 100:6:12.5 combination ratio was a balanced drug mixture leading to very strong synergistic effect on relaxation of medium bronchi (Combination Index: from 0.042 to 0.96) and middle to very strong synergy in small airways (Combination Index: from 0.018 to 0.310). The synergy was related with the activation of intracellular glucocorticoid receptors and Gsα subunit G-protein of β2-adrenoceptors, leading to the modulation of cyclic AMP-dependent PKA pathway. Conclusion: Triple beclomethasone/formoterol/glycopyrronium combination induces synergistic bronchorelaxant effect in medium and small human airways, at least in ex vivo experiments. Further research is needed to confirm these findings in clinical studies in patients with asthma or COPD.

Beclomethasone dipropionate, formoterol fumarate and glycopyrronium bromide: Synergy of triple combination therapy on human airway smooth muscle ex vivo / Rogliani, P.; Matera, M. G.; Facciolo, F.; Page, C.; Cazzola, M.; Calzetta, L.. - In: BRITISH JOURNAL OF PHARMACOLOGY. - ISSN 0007-1188. - 177:5(2020), pp. 1150-1163. [10.1111/bph.14909]

Beclomethasone dipropionate, formoterol fumarate and glycopyrronium bromide: Synergy of triple combination therapy on human airway smooth muscle ex vivo

Calzetta L.
2020-01-01

Abstract

Background and Purpose: Combining inhaled corticosteroids (ICSs), long-acting β2-adrenoceptor agonists (LABAs) and long-acting muscarinic antagonists (LAMAs) is recommended to treat severe forms of asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Clinical benefits have been demonstrated for ICS/LABA/LAMA combinations. This study characterized the interaction between the ICS beclomethasone dipropionate, the LABA formoterol fumarate and the LAMA glycopyrronium bromide in human airways. Experimental Approach: Human passively sensitized airways and bronchi from COPD donors were stimulated with histamine or carbachol. Tissues were incubated overnight with beclomethasone and then treated with formoterol and glycopyrronium, alone or in triple combination. The interaction was assessed by using Bliss Independence and Unified Theory theorems. Key Results: Beclomethasone/formoterol/glycopyrronium combination synergistically relaxed medium bronchi and small airways. Beclomethasone/formoterol/glycopyrronium combination at 100:6:12.5 combination ratio was a balanced drug mixture leading to very strong synergistic effect on relaxation of medium bronchi (Combination Index: from 0.042 to 0.96) and middle to very strong synergy in small airways (Combination Index: from 0.018 to 0.310). The synergy was related with the activation of intracellular glucocorticoid receptors and Gsα subunit G-protein of β2-adrenoceptors, leading to the modulation of cyclic AMP-dependent PKA pathway. Conclusion: Triple beclomethasone/formoterol/glycopyrronium combination induces synergistic bronchorelaxant effect in medium and small human airways, at least in ex vivo experiments. Further research is needed to confirm these findings in clinical studies in patients with asthma or COPD.
2020
Beclomethasone dipropionate, formoterol fumarate and glycopyrronium bromide: Synergy of triple combination therapy on human airway smooth muscle ex vivo / Rogliani, P.; Matera, M. G.; Facciolo, F.; Page, C.; Cazzola, M.; Calzetta, L.. - In: BRITISH JOURNAL OF PHARMACOLOGY. - ISSN 0007-1188. - 177:5(2020), pp. 1150-1163. [10.1111/bph.14909]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11381/2908495
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