Background and aim. Congenital malformations such as oesophageal atresia (OA) and tracheoe-sophageal fistula (TOF), congenital pulmonary airway malformations (CPAMs), congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) and vascular rings (VRs) can affect lung development and respiratory function. This observa-tional study describes our multidisciplinary approach and respiratory follow-up of children with such congenital malformations. Methods. Clinical data of children followed at the Pediatric Respiratory Unit of Parma University Hospital (Italy) between January 2015 and January 2020 were collected. Results. Twenty-three patients with congenital malformation affecting lung development were identified. Almost half of our patients were diagnosed with fetal ultrasound. Children attended the clinic at a mean age of 3 (3.7) years and follow-up visits were scheduled every 6 months average. More than half of our patients were hospitalized for lower respiratory tract infections. Six out of 9 children able to perform spirometry showed anomalies in lung function. Chest physiotherapy was recommended especially in children with OA. Conclusions. Children with congenital malformations affecting lung development are at risk of short and long-term respiratory complications, especially in the first years of life. OA was the malformation more associated to respiratory problems. Multidisciplinary approach and appropriate personalized follow-up are recommended for the best management of these children. (www.actabiomedica.it).

Congenital malformations potentially affecting respiratory function: Multidisciplinary approach and follow-up / Fainardi, V.; Nicoletti, L.; Conte, C.; Massa, S.; Torelli, L.; Scarpa, A. A.; Casolari, E.; Esposito, S.; Pisi, G.. - In: ACTA BIO-MEDICA DE L'ATENEO PARMENSE. - ISSN 0392-4203. - 92:1(2021), p. e2021069.e2021069. [10.23750/abm.v92i1.10591]

Congenital malformations potentially affecting respiratory function: Multidisciplinary approach and follow-up

Fainardi V.;Nicoletti L.;Conte C.;Massa S.;Torelli L.;Esposito S.
;
2021

Abstract

Background and aim. Congenital malformations such as oesophageal atresia (OA) and tracheoe-sophageal fistula (TOF), congenital pulmonary airway malformations (CPAMs), congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) and vascular rings (VRs) can affect lung development and respiratory function. This observa-tional study describes our multidisciplinary approach and respiratory follow-up of children with such congenital malformations. Methods. Clinical data of children followed at the Pediatric Respiratory Unit of Parma University Hospital (Italy) between January 2015 and January 2020 were collected. Results. Twenty-three patients with congenital malformation affecting lung development were identified. Almost half of our patients were diagnosed with fetal ultrasound. Children attended the clinic at a mean age of 3 (3.7) years and follow-up visits were scheduled every 6 months average. More than half of our patients were hospitalized for lower respiratory tract infections. Six out of 9 children able to perform spirometry showed anomalies in lung function. Chest physiotherapy was recommended especially in children with OA. Conclusions. Children with congenital malformations affecting lung development are at risk of short and long-term respiratory complications, especially in the first years of life. OA was the malformation more associated to respiratory problems. Multidisciplinary approach and appropriate personalized follow-up are recommended for the best management of these children. (www.actabiomedica.it).
Congenital malformations potentially affecting respiratory function: Multidisciplinary approach and follow-up / Fainardi, V.; Nicoletti, L.; Conte, C.; Massa, S.; Torelli, L.; Scarpa, A. A.; Casolari, E.; Esposito, S.; Pisi, G.. - In: ACTA BIO-MEDICA DE L'ATENEO PARMENSE. - ISSN 0392-4203. - 92:1(2021), p. e2021069.e2021069. [10.23750/abm.v92i1.10591]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11381/2907295
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