The family of compounds with formula [NH4][M(HCOO)3], with M a divalent D-metal, is characterized by porous frameworks hosting NH4+ cations exhibiting at low temperature a spontaneous ferroelectric polarization. The presence of magnetically active divalent metal determines the occurrence of antiferromagnetic ordering below 30 K opening the avenue for a rational formulation of a new class of multiferroic materials. We demonstrate that this intriguing class of compounds can be synthetized with a mechanochemical approach. This novel route of synthesis was applied to the series [NH4][M(HCOO)3] with M= Cu2+, Co2+, Mn2+, Zn2+ and Ni2+ using as reactants ammonium formate and the corresponding di-hydrated metal formates. The milling duration of the process correlates with the thermal stability of the di-hydrated metal formates indicating that the first step of the mechanosynthesis process is represented by the removal of water molecules. The characterizations of the final products indicate the presence of single phase [NH4][M(HCOO)3] compounds with an excellent degree of crystallinity.
Mechanosynthesis of multiferroic hybrid organic-inorganic [NH4][M(HCOO)3] M = Co2+,Mn2+,Zn2+,Ni2+, Cu2+ formate-based frameworks / Vit, V.; Orlandi, F.; Griesi, A.; Bersani, D.; Calestani, D.; Cugini, F.; Solzi, M.; Gemmi, M.; Righi, L.. - In: JOURNAL OF ALLOYS AND COMPOUNDS. - ISSN 0925-8388. - 899(2022), p. 163288.163288. [10.1016/j.jallcom.2021.163288]
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