Collagen dehydration is an unavoidable damaging process that causes the lack of fibers’ physical properties and it is usually irreversible. However, the identification of low hydration conditions that permit a recovering of initial collagen features after a rehydration treatment is particularly of interest. Monitoring structural changes by means of MD simulations, we investigated the hydration-dehydration-rehydration cycle of two microfibril models built on different fragments of the sequence of rat tail collagen type I. The microfibrils have different hydropathic features, to investigate the influence of amino acid composition on the whole process. We showed that with low hydration at a level corresponding to the first shell, microfibril gains in compactness and tubularity. Crucially, some water molecules remain trapped inside the fibrils, allowing, by rehydrating, a recovery of the initial collagen structural features. Water rearranges in cluster around the protein, and its first layer is more anchored to the surface. However, these changes in distribution and mobility in low hydration conditions get back with rehydration.

Reversible processes in collagen dehydration: A molecular dynamics study / Leo, L.; Bridelli, M. G.; Polverini, E.. - In: ARCHIVES OF BIOCHEMISTRY AND BIOPHYSICS. - ISSN 0003-9861. - 714(2021), p. 109079.109079. [10.1016/j.abb.2021.109079]

Reversible processes in collagen dehydration: A molecular dynamics study

Leo L.;Bridelli M. G.;Polverini E.
2021

Abstract

Collagen dehydration is an unavoidable damaging process that causes the lack of fibers’ physical properties and it is usually irreversible. However, the identification of low hydration conditions that permit a recovering of initial collagen features after a rehydration treatment is particularly of interest. Monitoring structural changes by means of MD simulations, we investigated the hydration-dehydration-rehydration cycle of two microfibril models built on different fragments of the sequence of rat tail collagen type I. The microfibrils have different hydropathic features, to investigate the influence of amino acid composition on the whole process. We showed that with low hydration at a level corresponding to the first shell, microfibril gains in compactness and tubularity. Crucially, some water molecules remain trapped inside the fibrils, allowing, by rehydrating, a recovery of the initial collagen structural features. Water rearranges in cluster around the protein, and its first layer is more anchored to the surface. However, these changes in distribution and mobility in low hydration conditions get back with rehydration.
Reversible processes in collagen dehydration: A molecular dynamics study / Leo, L.; Bridelli, M. G.; Polverini, E.. - In: ARCHIVES OF BIOCHEMISTRY AND BIOPHYSICS. - ISSN 0003-9861. - 714(2021), p. 109079.109079. [10.1016/j.abb.2021.109079]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11381/2906486
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