Empathy for pain involves sensory and visceromotor brain regions relevant also in the first-person pain experience. Focusing on brain activations associated with vicarious experiences of pain triggered by artistic or non-artistic images, the present study aims to investigate common and distinct brain activation patterns associated with these two vicarious experiences of pain and to assess whether empathy for pain brain regions contributes to the formation of an aesthetic judgement (AJ) in non-art expert observers. Artistic and non-artistic facial expressions (painful and neutral) were shown to participants inside the scanner and then aesthetically rated in a subsequent behavioural session. Results showed that empathy for pain brain regions (i.e. bilateral insular cortex, posterior sector of the anterior cingulate cortex and the anterior portion of the middle cingulate cortex) and bilateral inferior frontal gyrus are commonly activated by artistic and non-artistic painful facial expressions. For the artistic representation of pain, the activity recorded in these regions directly correlated with participants' AJ. Results also showed the distinct activation of a large cluster located in the posterior cingulate cortex/precuneus for non-artistic stimuli. This study suggests that non-beauty-specific mechanisms such as empathy for pain are crucial components of the aesthetic experience of artworks.

Visceromotor roots of aesthetic evaluation of pain in art: An fMRI study / Ardizzi, M.; Ferroni, F.; Umilta, M. A.; Pinardi, C.; Errante, A.; Ferri, F.; Fadda, E.; Gallese, V.. - In: SOCIAL COGNITIVE AND AFFECTIVE NEUROSCIENCE. - ISSN 1749-5016. - 16:11(2021), pp. 1113-1122. [10.1093/scan/nsab066]

Visceromotor roots of aesthetic evaluation of pain in art: An fMRI study

Ardizzi M.;Ferroni F.;Umilta M. A.;Pinardi C.;Errante A.;Ferri F.;Fadda E.;Gallese V.
2021

Abstract

Empathy for pain involves sensory and visceromotor brain regions relevant also in the first-person pain experience. Focusing on brain activations associated with vicarious experiences of pain triggered by artistic or non-artistic images, the present study aims to investigate common and distinct brain activation patterns associated with these two vicarious experiences of pain and to assess whether empathy for pain brain regions contributes to the formation of an aesthetic judgement (AJ) in non-art expert observers. Artistic and non-artistic facial expressions (painful and neutral) were shown to participants inside the scanner and then aesthetically rated in a subsequent behavioural session. Results showed that empathy for pain brain regions (i.e. bilateral insular cortex, posterior sector of the anterior cingulate cortex and the anterior portion of the middle cingulate cortex) and bilateral inferior frontal gyrus are commonly activated by artistic and non-artistic painful facial expressions. For the artistic representation of pain, the activity recorded in these regions directly correlated with participants' AJ. Results also showed the distinct activation of a large cluster located in the posterior cingulate cortex/precuneus for non-artistic stimuli. This study suggests that non-beauty-specific mechanisms such as empathy for pain are crucial components of the aesthetic experience of artworks.
Visceromotor roots of aesthetic evaluation of pain in art: An fMRI study / Ardizzi, M.; Ferroni, F.; Umilta, M. A.; Pinardi, C.; Errante, A.; Ferri, F.; Fadda, E.; Gallese, V.. - In: SOCIAL COGNITIVE AND AFFECTIVE NEUROSCIENCE. - ISSN 1749-5016. - 16:11(2021), pp. 1113-1122. [10.1093/scan/nsab066]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11381/2906328
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