Body growth and development are regulated among others by genetic and epigenetic factors. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are epigenetic regulators of gene expression that act at the post-transcriptional level, thereby exerting a strong influence on regulatory gene networks. Increasing studies suggest the importance of miRNAs in the regulation of the growth plate and growth hormone (GH)-insulin-like growth factor (IGF) axis during the life course in a broad spectrum of animal species, contributing to longitudinal growth. This review summarizes the role of miRNAs in regulating growth in different in vitro and in vivo models acting on GH, GH receptor (GHR), IGFs, and IGF1R genes besides current knowledge in humans, and highlights that this regulatory system is of importance for growth.

The Role of MicroRNAs in Influencing Body Growth and Development / Cirillo, F; Catellani, C; Lazzeroni, P; Sartori, C; Street, M. - In: HORMONE RESEARCH IN PAEDIATRICS. - ISSN 1663-2826. - 93:1(2020), pp. 7-15.

The Role of MicroRNAs in Influencing Body Growth and Development

STREET M
2020

Abstract

Body growth and development are regulated among others by genetic and epigenetic factors. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are epigenetic regulators of gene expression that act at the post-transcriptional level, thereby exerting a strong influence on regulatory gene networks. Increasing studies suggest the importance of miRNAs in the regulation of the growth plate and growth hormone (GH)-insulin-like growth factor (IGF) axis during the life course in a broad spectrum of animal species, contributing to longitudinal growth. This review summarizes the role of miRNAs in regulating growth in different in vitro and in vivo models acting on GH, GH receptor (GHR), IGFs, and IGF1R genes besides current knowledge in humans, and highlights that this regulatory system is of importance for growth.
The Role of MicroRNAs in Influencing Body Growth and Development / Cirillo, F; Catellani, C; Lazzeroni, P; Sartori, C; Street, M. - In: HORMONE RESEARCH IN PAEDIATRICS. - ISSN 1663-2826. - 93:1(2020), pp. 7-15.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11381/2905102
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