In tumor biology, hypoxia triggers signaling pathways that induce transcription of genes related to angiogenesis, metastasis, glucose metabolism and apoptosis. We investigated the expression of hypoxia related proteins, galectin-3 (Gal-3) and hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α), in conventional (CA) and unicystic ameloblastomas (UA). We applied immunohistochemistry for Gal-3 and HIF-1α to 72 cases of ameloblastoma: 59 cases of CA and 13 cases of unicystic UA. Immunoexpression was evaluated semiquantitatively. Gal-3 expression was observed in 40% of the cases: 23/59 CA and 6/13 UA. HIF-1α immunostaining was observed in 55% of cases: 36/59 CA and 4/13 UA. 19 CA and 2 UA were positive for both markers. Immunostaining was evident in the center of the tumor islands, which exhibited squamous metaplasia or cystic degeneration. The expression of Gal-3 and HIF-1α in ameloblastomas could be interpreted as a response to hypoxic stress. Co-expression of both proteins in CA may suggest a potential interaction that participates in the biological behavior of this ameloblastoma variant.

Immunoexpression of galectin-3 and its potential relation to hypoxia-inducible factor-1α in ameloblastomas / Pereira-Prado, V.; Vigil-Bastitta, G.; Sanchez-Romero, C.; Arocena, M.; Molina-Frechero, N.; Gonzalez-Gonzalez, R.; Meleti, M.; Bologna-Molina, R.. - In: BIOTECHNIC & HISTOCHEMISTRY. - ISSN 1052-0295. - 96:4(2021), pp. 296-301. [10.1080/10520295.2020.1800819]

Immunoexpression of galectin-3 and its potential relation to hypoxia-inducible factor-1α in ameloblastomas

Meleti M.
Writing – Review & Editing
;
2021

Abstract

In tumor biology, hypoxia triggers signaling pathways that induce transcription of genes related to angiogenesis, metastasis, glucose metabolism and apoptosis. We investigated the expression of hypoxia related proteins, galectin-3 (Gal-3) and hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α), in conventional (CA) and unicystic ameloblastomas (UA). We applied immunohistochemistry for Gal-3 and HIF-1α to 72 cases of ameloblastoma: 59 cases of CA and 13 cases of unicystic UA. Immunoexpression was evaluated semiquantitatively. Gal-3 expression was observed in 40% of the cases: 23/59 CA and 6/13 UA. HIF-1α immunostaining was observed in 55% of cases: 36/59 CA and 4/13 UA. 19 CA and 2 UA were positive for both markers. Immunostaining was evident in the center of the tumor islands, which exhibited squamous metaplasia or cystic degeneration. The expression of Gal-3 and HIF-1α in ameloblastomas could be interpreted as a response to hypoxic stress. Co-expression of both proteins in CA may suggest a potential interaction that participates in the biological behavior of this ameloblastoma variant.
Immunoexpression of galectin-3 and its potential relation to hypoxia-inducible factor-1α in ameloblastomas / Pereira-Prado, V.; Vigil-Bastitta, G.; Sanchez-Romero, C.; Arocena, M.; Molina-Frechero, N.; Gonzalez-Gonzalez, R.; Meleti, M.; Bologna-Molina, R.. - In: BIOTECHNIC & HISTOCHEMISTRY. - ISSN 1052-0295. - 96:4(2021), pp. 296-301. [10.1080/10520295.2020.1800819]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11381/2904435
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