Peptide nucleic acids (PNAs) are a class of artificial oligonucleotide mimics that have garnered much attention as precision biotherapeutics for their efficient hybridization properties and their exceptional biological and chemical stability. However, the poor cellular uptake of PNA is a limiting factor to its more extensive use in biomedicine; encapsulation in nanoparticle carriers has therefore emerged as a strategy for internalization and delivery of PNA in cells. In this study, we demonstrate that PNA can be readily loaded into porous silicon nanoparticles (pSiNPs) following a simple salt-based trapping procedure thus far employed only for negatively charged synthetic oligonucleotides. We show that the ease and versatility of PNA chemistry also allows for producing PNAs with different net charge, from positive to negative, and that the use of differently charged PNAs enables optimization of loading into pSiNPs. Differently charged PNA payloads determine different release kinetics and allow modulation of the temporal profile of the delivery process. In vitro silencing of a set of specific microRNAs using a pSiNP-PNA delivery platform demonstrates the potential for biomedical applications.
Tuning the Loading and Release Properties of MicroRNA-Silencing Porous Silicon Nanoparticles by Using Chemically Diverse Peptide Nucleic Acid Payloads / Neri, M.; Kang, J.; Zuidema, J. M.; Gasparello, J.; Finotti, A.; Gambari, R.; Sailor, M. J.; Bertucci, A.; Corradini, R.. - In: ACS BIOMATERIALS SCIENCE & ENGINEERING. - ISSN 2373-9878. - (2021). [10.1021/acsbiomaterials.1c00431]
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