Purpose: We aimed to describe the global and localized correlations among visual field (VF) sensitivity, optic nerve head (ONH) perfusion measured by laser speckle flowgraphy (LSFG) and neural structure measured by optical coherence tomography (OCT) in open-angle glaucoma (OAG) and to compare the floor effect for LSFG and OCT. Methods: Cross-sectional, multicenter study including one eye each from fifty OAG patients (mean age 69.3 years; average VF mean deviation, MD, −8.5 dB, range −25.17 to 0.85 dB) and fifty-one controls. Patients underwent SITA standard 24-2 automated perimetry and measurement of ONH perfusion, peripapillary retinal nerve fibre layer thickness (RNFLT) and macular ganglion cell-inner plexiform layer thickness (GCIPLT). We tested the presence of a significant change (breakpoint) in the correlation slope with VF sensitivity to assess floor effect. Results: The correlation between the LSFG parameter Mean All (MA) of the global disc area and MD (r = 0.56, p < 0.001) did not show a breakpoint, in contrast to the correlations between MD and OCT global parameters, which showed breakpoints at −8.53 and −4.05 dB for RNFLT and GCIPLT, respectively. Global and localized correlations with VF sensitivity were stronger for LSFG compared to OCT. In particular, LSFG outperformed OCT in the correlation with the central VF sector (r = 0.50, p < 0.001 and r = 0.06, p = 0.67 for MA and RNFLT, respectively). Conclusion: The global and sectoral correlations with VF sensitivity and the favourable floor effect compared to OCT indicate LSFG as a promising tool to monitor progression particularly in late-stage glaucoma. Further longitudinal studies are warranted.
Measuring optic nerve head perfusion to monitor glaucoma: a study on structure–function relationships using laser speckle flowgraphy / Calzetti, G.; Mursch-Edlmayr, A. S.; Bata, A. M.; Ungaro, N.; Mora, P.; Chua, J.; Schmidl, D.; Bolz, M.; Garhofer, G.; Gandolfi, S.; Schmetterer, L.; Wong, D.. - In: ACTA OPHTHALMOLOGICA. - ISSN 1755-375X. - 2021 Apr 20:Online ahead of print(2021). [10.1111/aos.14862]
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