G-Quadruplexes (G4s) are widely studied secondary DNA/RNA structures, naturally occurring when G-rich sequences are present. The strategic localization of G4s in genome areas of crucial importance, such as proto-oncogenes and telomeres, entails fundamental implications in terms of gene expression regulation and other important biological processes. Although thousands of small molecules capable to induce G4 stabilization have been reported over the past 20 years, approaches based on the hybridization of a synthetic probe, allowing sequence-specific G4-recognition and targeting are still rather limited. In this review, after introducing important general notions about G4s, we aim to list, explain and critically analyse in more detail the principal approaches available to target G4s by using oligonucleotides and synthetic analogues such as Locked Nucleic Acids (LNAs) and Peptide Nucleic Acids (PNAs), reporting on the most relevant examples described in literature to date.
Beyond small molecules: Targeting G-quadruplex structures with oligonucleotides and their analogues / Cadoni, E.; De Paepe, L.; Manicardi, A.; Madder, A.. - In: NUCLEIC ACIDS RESEARCH. - ISSN 0305-1048. - 49:12(2021), pp. 6638-6659. [10.1093/nar/gkab334]
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