In contrast to adult stem cells, iPSCs can be robustly grown in vitro and differentiate into virtually any tissue, providing an attractive alternative for biomedical applications. Although iPSC technology is already being used in human biomedicine, its potential in animal production has not been investigated. Herein, we investigated the potential application of iPSCs in dairy production by generating bovine iPSCs and establishing their ability to generate mammary epithelial tissue. iPSCs were derived by retroviral-mediated expression of murine Oct4, Sox2, Klf4 and c-Myc in mammary epithelium and dermal fibroblasts. The resulting reprogrammed cells stained positive for alkaline phosphatase and showed renewed expression of pluripotency genes including Lin28, Rex1, Oct4, Sox2 and Nanog. In addition, injection of epithelial- or fibroblast derived reprogrammed cells into NOD/NOD mice resulted in the formation of teratomas containing differentiated derivatives of the three germ layers, including cartilage, membranous ossification, stratified squamous epithelial tissue, hair follicles, neural pinwheels, and different types of glandular tissue. Finally, mammary epithelium-derived iPSCs could be induced to differentiate back to a mammary phenotype characterized by epithelial cells expressing CK14, CK18 and SMA as a result of treatment with 10 nM progesterone. This study reports for the first time the generation of iPSCs from bovine epithelial cells and demonstrate the potential of using iPSCs technology for generating bovine mammary tissue in vitro.
GENERATION OF INDUCED PLURIPOTENT STEM CELLS FROM BOVINE EPITHELIAL CELLS AND PARTIAL REDIRECTION TOWARD A MAMMARY PHENOTYPE IN VITRO / Cravero, Diego; Martignani, Eugenio; Miretti, Silvia; Accornero, Paolo; Pauciullo, Alfredo; Sharma, Rushi; Donadeu, Francisco Xavier; Baratta, Mario. - In: CELLULAR REPROGRAMMING. - ISSN 2152-4971. - 17:3(2015), pp. 211-220. [10.1089/cell.2014.0087]
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