A loss-of-function mutation of the myostatin gene has a very high prevalence in the Piedmontese cattle breed. The effect of such mutation is a double-muscle phenotype because of hypertrophy. However, differences in muscle mass development can still be detected in individuals of this breed. Such differences must be generated by other factors controlling skeletal muscle development. MicroRNAs are short noncoding RNA molecules that modulate gene expression at a post-transcriptional level. MicroRNAs have been demonstrated to be involved in skeletal muscle development, and some of them are controlled by steroid hormone signaling. Data on estrogen signaling are lacking, whereas more studies have been carried out on the effect of androgens. We aimed at identifying putative estrogen responsive miRNAs that might be involved in skeletal muscle development. At a slaughterhouse, we collected muscle samples from longissimus dorsi and blood samples. Blood 17beta-estradiol concentration was assessed, and RNA was extracted from muscle samples. The animals we sampled were divided into groups according to estrogen blood concentration, and through qPCR expression, levels of 7 muscle-related miRNAs were evaluated. We found that miR-26b (P < 0.01), miR-27a-5p (P < 0.05), miR-27b (P < 0.05), and miR-199a-3p (P < 0.01) were differentially expressed among experimental groups. Expression levels of miR-26b were reduced approximately 50% in samples with a low blood estrogen concentrations, and the other miRNAs showed a tendency to increase their expression levels when blood estrogen levels were higher. The variations of the circulating concentrations of estrogen in Piedmontese cattle might influence muscle mass development through miRNAs and thus contribute to individual variability in a breed with a high prevalence of a myostatin point mutation.

Correlation between estrogen plasma level and miRNAs in muscle of Piedmontese cattle / Martignani, E.; Miretti, S.; Vincenti, L.; Baratta, M.. - In: DOMESTIC ANIMAL ENDOCRINOLOGY. - ISSN 0739-7240. - 67(2019), pp. 37-41. [10.1016/j.domaniend.2018.12.005]

Correlation between estrogen plasma level and miRNAs in muscle of Piedmontese cattle

Baratta, M.
2019

Abstract

A loss-of-function mutation of the myostatin gene has a very high prevalence in the Piedmontese cattle breed. The effect of such mutation is a double-muscle phenotype because of hypertrophy. However, differences in muscle mass development can still be detected in individuals of this breed. Such differences must be generated by other factors controlling skeletal muscle development. MicroRNAs are short noncoding RNA molecules that modulate gene expression at a post-transcriptional level. MicroRNAs have been demonstrated to be involved in skeletal muscle development, and some of them are controlled by steroid hormone signaling. Data on estrogen signaling are lacking, whereas more studies have been carried out on the effect of androgens. We aimed at identifying putative estrogen responsive miRNAs that might be involved in skeletal muscle development. At a slaughterhouse, we collected muscle samples from longissimus dorsi and blood samples. Blood 17beta-estradiol concentration was assessed, and RNA was extracted from muscle samples. The animals we sampled were divided into groups according to estrogen blood concentration, and through qPCR expression, levels of 7 muscle-related miRNAs were evaluated. We found that miR-26b (P < 0.01), miR-27a-5p (P < 0.05), miR-27b (P < 0.05), and miR-199a-3p (P < 0.01) were differentially expressed among experimental groups. Expression levels of miR-26b were reduced approximately 50% in samples with a low blood estrogen concentrations, and the other miRNAs showed a tendency to increase their expression levels when blood estrogen levels were higher. The variations of the circulating concentrations of estrogen in Piedmontese cattle might influence muscle mass development through miRNAs and thus contribute to individual variability in a breed with a high prevalence of a myostatin point mutation.
Correlation between estrogen plasma level and miRNAs in muscle of Piedmontese cattle / Martignani, E.; Miretti, S.; Vincenti, L.; Baratta, M.. - In: DOMESTIC ANIMAL ENDOCRINOLOGY. - ISSN 0739-7240. - 67(2019), pp. 37-41. [10.1016/j.domaniend.2018.12.005]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11381/2899507
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