The interest in 3D audio is constantly growing, thus leading to the appearance on the market of many microphone arrays for recording spatial audio, having a variety of sizes, number of channels and shapes, mostly spherical. Among the various characteristics that may have an influence on the quality of these systems, the presented work will deal with the spatial accuracy. The availability of robust methods for evaluating the spatial performance of the microphone arrays allows to compare the systems and to study the effect of different geometries, or beamforming algorithms. On one side, the design of new solutions can be optimized, on the other side a user can identify an optimal system depending on his needs. In this paper, two metrics for evaluating the spatial performance of microphone arrays are described, and two common formats for spatial audio are employed, Ambisonics and Spatial PCM Sampling (SPS). In the first part, the parameters Spatial Correlation and Level Difference are used for assessing the accuracy of the Ambisonics format, which is based on Spherical Harmonics functions. In the second part two classic metrics for loudspeakers, i.e., directivity factor and half power beam width, are employed for evaluating the accuracy of unidirectional virtual microphones, which constitute the base of the SPS format. In the last section, four well-known spherical microphone arrays are analyzed and compared through the described metrics and spatial audio formats.

Metrics for Evaluating the Spatial Accuracy of Microphone Arrays / Pinardi, Daniel; Farina, Angelo. - ELETTRONICO. - (2021), pp. 5.1-5.9. ((Intervento presentato al convegno Immersive and 3D Audio: from Architecture to Automotive (I3DA) tenutosi a Bologna, Italy nel 8-10 September 2021 [10.1109/I3DA48870.2021.9610887].

Metrics for Evaluating the Spatial Accuracy of Microphone Arrays

Daniel Pinardi
Formal Analysis
;
Angelo Farina
Project Administration
2021-01-01

Abstract

The interest in 3D audio is constantly growing, thus leading to the appearance on the market of many microphone arrays for recording spatial audio, having a variety of sizes, number of channels and shapes, mostly spherical. Among the various characteristics that may have an influence on the quality of these systems, the presented work will deal with the spatial accuracy. The availability of robust methods for evaluating the spatial performance of the microphone arrays allows to compare the systems and to study the effect of different geometries, or beamforming algorithms. On one side, the design of new solutions can be optimized, on the other side a user can identify an optimal system depending on his needs. In this paper, two metrics for evaluating the spatial performance of microphone arrays are described, and two common formats for spatial audio are employed, Ambisonics and Spatial PCM Sampling (SPS). In the first part, the parameters Spatial Correlation and Level Difference are used for assessing the accuracy of the Ambisonics format, which is based on Spherical Harmonics functions. In the second part two classic metrics for loudspeakers, i.e., directivity factor and half power beam width, are employed for evaluating the accuracy of unidirectional virtual microphones, which constitute the base of the SPS format. In the last section, four well-known spherical microphone arrays are analyzed and compared through the described metrics and spatial audio formats.
Metrics for Evaluating the Spatial Accuracy of Microphone Arrays / Pinardi, Daniel; Farina, Angelo. - ELETTRONICO. - (2021), pp. 5.1-5.9. ((Intervento presentato al convegno Immersive and 3D Audio: from Architecture to Automotive (I3DA) tenutosi a Bologna, Italy nel 8-10 September 2021 [10.1109/I3DA48870.2021.9610887].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11381/2898665
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