The aim of the study was to evaluate the analgesic efficacy of tramadol compared to butorphanol administered locally in ventral surface of the hind paw of rats. Prospective, randomized experimental study; twenty-one adult male Wistar rats were selected. Heart rate (beats minute(-1)), respiratory rate (breaths minute(-1)), and paw withdrawal latency (onset of radiant heat until paw withdrawal/seconds) were measured prior (T-0) and after (T-5, T-10, T-15, T-20) intraplantar injection with saline solution 0,9% (group S), butorphanol 1 mg kg(-1) (group B), and tramadol 1 mg kg(-1) (group T). Shapiro-Wilk normality test and Friedman test were used to analyze the data expressed by median and range. Statistical significance was set at p < 0.05. Statistical analysis of heart rate showed that there were significant differences between groups at different monitoring times. There were no significant differences in respiratory rate after intraplantar injection in any of the treatment groups. The paw withdrawal latency values at T5, T10, and T15 minutes after intraplantar injection in the group B were significantly higher compared to baseline value and to the values of the other groups. The paw withdrawal latency were no significant changes in the measurements of intragroup in S and T. Intraplantar administration of butorphanol provides a good analgesia and significantly increases paw withdrawal latency compared to tramadol. Intraplantar injection of butorphanol could be useful and safe and safe technique to achieve local analgesia for minor surgical procedures in rats.

Evaluation of the paw withdrawal latency for the comparison between tramadol and butorphanol administered locally, in the plantar surface of rat, preliminary study / Interlandi, Claudia; Leonardi, Fabio; Spadola, Filippo; Costa Giovanna, Lucrezia. - In: PLOS ONE. - ISSN 1932-6203. - 16:7(2021). [10.1371/journal.pone.0254497]

Evaluation of the paw withdrawal latency for the comparison between tramadol and butorphanol administered locally, in the plantar surface of rat, preliminary study.

Leonardi Fabio;Spadola Filippo;
2021-01-01

Abstract

The aim of the study was to evaluate the analgesic efficacy of tramadol compared to butorphanol administered locally in ventral surface of the hind paw of rats. Prospective, randomized experimental study; twenty-one adult male Wistar rats were selected. Heart rate (beats minute(-1)), respiratory rate (breaths minute(-1)), and paw withdrawal latency (onset of radiant heat until paw withdrawal/seconds) were measured prior (T-0) and after (T-5, T-10, T-15, T-20) intraplantar injection with saline solution 0,9% (group S), butorphanol 1 mg kg(-1) (group B), and tramadol 1 mg kg(-1) (group T). Shapiro-Wilk normality test and Friedman test were used to analyze the data expressed by median and range. Statistical significance was set at p < 0.05. Statistical analysis of heart rate showed that there were significant differences between groups at different monitoring times. There were no significant differences in respiratory rate after intraplantar injection in any of the treatment groups. The paw withdrawal latency values at T5, T10, and T15 minutes after intraplantar injection in the group B were significantly higher compared to baseline value and to the values of the other groups. The paw withdrawal latency were no significant changes in the measurements of intragroup in S and T. Intraplantar administration of butorphanol provides a good analgesia and significantly increases paw withdrawal latency compared to tramadol. Intraplantar injection of butorphanol could be useful and safe and safe technique to achieve local analgesia for minor surgical procedures in rats.
Evaluation of the paw withdrawal latency for the comparison between tramadol and butorphanol administered locally, in the plantar surface of rat, preliminary study / Interlandi, Claudia; Leonardi, Fabio; Spadola, Filippo; Costa Giovanna, Lucrezia. - In: PLOS ONE. - ISSN 1932-6203. - 16:7(2021). [10.1371/journal.pone.0254497]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11381/2898078
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