Caves developed in carbonate units have a significant role in fluid flow, but most of these subsurface voids are below seismic resolution. We concentrated our study on four caves to determine the roles of fractures and folds in the development of karst conduits that may form flow pathways in carbonate reservoirs. We performed structural field investigations, petrographic analyses, and geometric characterization using Light Detection and Ranging (LIDAR) for caves in Neoproterozoic carbonates of the Salitre Formation, central part of the São Francisco Craton, Brazil. We found that the conduit shape, usually with an ellipsoidal cross-section, reflects the tectonic features and textural variations. Carbonate layers containing pyrite and low detritic mineral contents are generally karstified and appear to act as favorable flow pathways. Our results indicate that the development of the karst system is related to fracture corridors formed along parallel and orthogonal sets of fold hinges, which provide preferential pathways for fluid flow and contribute to the development of super-K zones. This study provides insights into the prediction of subseismic-scale voids in carbonate reservoirs, with direct application for the hydrocarbon and hydrogeology flow and storage.

Flow pathways in multiple-direction fold hinges: Implications for fractured and karstified carbonate reservoirs / Pontes, C. C. C.; Bezerra, F. H. R.; Bertotti, G.; La Bruna, V.; Audra, P.; De Waele, J.; Auler, A. S.; Balsamo, F.; De Hoop, S.; Pisani, L.. - In: JOURNAL OF STRUCTURAL GEOLOGY. - ISSN 0191-8141. - 146(2021), p. 104324.104324. [10.1016/j.jsg.2021.104324]

Flow pathways in multiple-direction fold hinges: Implications for fractured and karstified carbonate reservoirs

Balsamo F.;
2021

Abstract

Caves developed in carbonate units have a significant role in fluid flow, but most of these subsurface voids are below seismic resolution. We concentrated our study on four caves to determine the roles of fractures and folds in the development of karst conduits that may form flow pathways in carbonate reservoirs. We performed structural field investigations, petrographic analyses, and geometric characterization using Light Detection and Ranging (LIDAR) for caves in Neoproterozoic carbonates of the Salitre Formation, central part of the São Francisco Craton, Brazil. We found that the conduit shape, usually with an ellipsoidal cross-section, reflects the tectonic features and textural variations. Carbonate layers containing pyrite and low detritic mineral contents are generally karstified and appear to act as favorable flow pathways. Our results indicate that the development of the karst system is related to fracture corridors formed along parallel and orthogonal sets of fold hinges, which provide preferential pathways for fluid flow and contribute to the development of super-K zones. This study provides insights into the prediction of subseismic-scale voids in carbonate reservoirs, with direct application for the hydrocarbon and hydrogeology flow and storage.
Flow pathways in multiple-direction fold hinges: Implications for fractured and karstified carbonate reservoirs / Pontes, C. C. C.; Bezerra, F. H. R.; Bertotti, G.; La Bruna, V.; Audra, P.; De Waele, J.; Auler, A. S.; Balsamo, F.; De Hoop, S.; Pisani, L.. - In: JOURNAL OF STRUCTURAL GEOLOGY. - ISSN 0191-8141. - 146(2021), p. 104324.104324. [10.1016/j.jsg.2021.104324]
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11381/2896940
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 8
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 10
social impact