Amoxicillin-clavulanic acid (AMC) is one of the most frequently prescribed antibiotic formulations in the Western world. Extensive oral use of this antimicrobial combination influences the gut microbiota. One of the most abundant early colonizers of the human gut microbiota is represented by different taxa of the Bifidobacterium genus, which include many members that are considered to bestow beneficial effects upon their host. In the current study, we investigated the impact of AMC administration on the gut microbiota composition, comparing the gut microbiota of 23 children that had undergone AMC antibiotic therapy to that of 19 children that had not been treated with antibiotics during the preceding 6 months. Moreover, we evaluated AMC sensitivity by MIC test of 261 bifidobacterial strains, including reference strains for the currently recognized 64 bifidobacterial (sub)species, as well as 197 bifidobacterial isolates of human origin. These assessments allowed the identification of four bifidobacterial strains that exhibit a high level of AMC insensitivity, which were subjected to genomic and transcriptomic analyses to identify the putative genetic determinants responsible for this AMC insensitivity. Furthermore, we investigated the ecological role of AMC-resistant bifidobacterial strains by in vitro batch cultures.

Amoxicillin-Clavulanic Acid Resistance in the Genus Bifidobacterium / Mancabelli, L.; Mancino, W.; Lugli, G. A.; Argentini, C.; Longhi, G.; Milani, C.; Viappiani, A.; Anzalone, R.; Bernasconi, S.; van Sinderen, D.; Ventura, M.; Turroni, F.. - In: APPLIED AND ENVIRONMENTAL MICROBIOLOGY. - ISSN 0099-2240. - 87:7(2021), pp. 1-16. [10.1128/AEM.03137-20]

Amoxicillin-Clavulanic Acid Resistance in the Genus Bifidobacterium

Mancabelli L.;Mancino W.;Lugli G. A.;Argentini C.;Longhi G.;Milani C.;Viappiani A.;Anzalone R.;Bernasconi S.;van Sinderen D.;Ventura M.;Turroni F.
2021

Abstract

Amoxicillin-clavulanic acid (AMC) is one of the most frequently prescribed antibiotic formulations in the Western world. Extensive oral use of this antimicrobial combination influences the gut microbiota. One of the most abundant early colonizers of the human gut microbiota is represented by different taxa of the Bifidobacterium genus, which include many members that are considered to bestow beneficial effects upon their host. In the current study, we investigated the impact of AMC administration on the gut microbiota composition, comparing the gut microbiota of 23 children that had undergone AMC antibiotic therapy to that of 19 children that had not been treated with antibiotics during the preceding 6 months. Moreover, we evaluated AMC sensitivity by MIC test of 261 bifidobacterial strains, including reference strains for the currently recognized 64 bifidobacterial (sub)species, as well as 197 bifidobacterial isolates of human origin. These assessments allowed the identification of four bifidobacterial strains that exhibit a high level of AMC insensitivity, which were subjected to genomic and transcriptomic analyses to identify the putative genetic determinants responsible for this AMC insensitivity. Furthermore, we investigated the ecological role of AMC-resistant bifidobacterial strains by in vitro batch cultures.
Amoxicillin-Clavulanic Acid Resistance in the Genus Bifidobacterium / Mancabelli, L.; Mancino, W.; Lugli, G. A.; Argentini, C.; Longhi, G.; Milani, C.; Viappiani, A.; Anzalone, R.; Bernasconi, S.; van Sinderen, D.; Ventura, M.; Turroni, F.. - In: APPLIED AND ENVIRONMENTAL MICROBIOLOGY. - ISSN 0099-2240. - 87:7(2021), pp. 1-16. [10.1128/AEM.03137-20]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11381/2895536
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