OBJECTIVES: Indications for and timing of pulmonary valve replacement (PVR) after tetralogy of Fallot repair are controversial. Among magnetic resonance imaging indices proposed to time valve replacement, a right ventricular (RV) end-diastolic volume index greater than 160 ml/m2 is often used. Recent evidence suggests that this value may still identify patients with irreversible RV dysfunction, thus hindering recovery. Our goal was to define, using intraoperative video kinematic evaluation, whether a relationship exists between timing of PVR and early functional recovery after surgery. METHODS: Between November 2016 and November 2018, a total of 12 consecutive patients aged 27.1 ± 19.1 years underwent PVR on average 22.2 ± 13.3 years after tetralogy of Fallot repair. Mean RV end-diastolic volume evident on the magnetic resonance images was 136.9 ± 35.7 ml/m2. Intraoperative cardiac kinematics were assessed by video kinematic evaluation via a high-speed camera acquiring videos at 200 fps before and after valve replacement. RESULTS: Patients presenting with RV end-diastolic volume <147 ml/m2 were significantly younger (11.2 ± 5.0 vs 38.4 ± 17.0; P = 0.005) and had a shorter time interval to valve replacement (11.0 ± 5.2 vs 30.1 ± 11.3; P = 0.03). The entire population showed a moderate correlation among energy expenditure, cardiac fatigue, perimeter of contraction and preoperative RV end-diastolic volume index. Both groups showed a reduction in all kinematic parameters after PVR, but those with end-diastolic volume >147 ml/m2 showed an unpredictable outcome. CONCLUSIONS: Video kinematic evaluation provides insight into intraoperative RV recovery in patients with tetralogy of Fallot undergoing PVR. Accordingly, functional recovery can be expected in patients with preoperative end-diastolic volume <147 ml/m2.

Right ventricular functional recovery depends on timing of pulmonary valve replacement in tetralogy of Fallot: A video kinematic study / Rozzi, G.; Lo Muzio, F. P.; Fassina, L.; Rossi, S.; Statello, R.; Sandrini, C.; Laricchiuta, M.; Faggian, G.; Miragoli, M.; Luciani, G. B.. - In: EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF CARDIO-THORACIC SURGERY. - ISSN 1010-7940. - 59:6(2021), pp. 1329-1336. [10.1093/ejcts/ezab026]

Right ventricular functional recovery depends on timing of pulmonary valve replacement in tetralogy of Fallot: A video kinematic study

Rossi S.;Statello R.;Miragoli M.
;
2021-01-01

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: Indications for and timing of pulmonary valve replacement (PVR) after tetralogy of Fallot repair are controversial. Among magnetic resonance imaging indices proposed to time valve replacement, a right ventricular (RV) end-diastolic volume index greater than 160 ml/m2 is often used. Recent evidence suggests that this value may still identify patients with irreversible RV dysfunction, thus hindering recovery. Our goal was to define, using intraoperative video kinematic evaluation, whether a relationship exists between timing of PVR and early functional recovery after surgery. METHODS: Between November 2016 and November 2018, a total of 12 consecutive patients aged 27.1 ± 19.1 years underwent PVR on average 22.2 ± 13.3 years after tetralogy of Fallot repair. Mean RV end-diastolic volume evident on the magnetic resonance images was 136.9 ± 35.7 ml/m2. Intraoperative cardiac kinematics were assessed by video kinematic evaluation via a high-speed camera acquiring videos at 200 fps before and after valve replacement. RESULTS: Patients presenting with RV end-diastolic volume <147 ml/m2 were significantly younger (11.2 ± 5.0 vs 38.4 ± 17.0; P = 0.005) and had a shorter time interval to valve replacement (11.0 ± 5.2 vs 30.1 ± 11.3; P = 0.03). The entire population showed a moderate correlation among energy expenditure, cardiac fatigue, perimeter of contraction and preoperative RV end-diastolic volume index. Both groups showed a reduction in all kinematic parameters after PVR, but those with end-diastolic volume >147 ml/m2 showed an unpredictable outcome. CONCLUSIONS: Video kinematic evaluation provides insight into intraoperative RV recovery in patients with tetralogy of Fallot undergoing PVR. Accordingly, functional recovery can be expected in patients with preoperative end-diastolic volume <147 ml/m2.
2021
Right ventricular functional recovery depends on timing of pulmonary valve replacement in tetralogy of Fallot: A video kinematic study / Rozzi, G.; Lo Muzio, F. P.; Fassina, L.; Rossi, S.; Statello, R.; Sandrini, C.; Laricchiuta, M.; Faggian, G.; Miragoli, M.; Luciani, G. B.. - In: EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF CARDIO-THORACIC SURGERY. - ISSN 1010-7940. - 59:6(2021), pp. 1329-1336. [10.1093/ejcts/ezab026]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11381/2894919
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