In this work, we investigate the problem of frame synchronization in a free-space optical (FSO) communications link, where a known synch pattern is periodically embedded in the transmitted bitstream. The modulation format is on-off keying (OOK) and the electrical signal provided by the photo-detector is plagued by a mixture of thermal and shot noise with signal-dependent power. Due to atmospheric turbulence, channel attenuation can exhibit large randomic fluctuations, so that no prior knowledge of the signal level and noise variances is assumed. These parameters, together with the start-of-frame, are jointly estimated using a simplified maximum likelihood (ML) approach. Numerical simulations indicate that the proposed scheme is able to effectively exploit the presence of shot noise to improve its detection capability, and outperforms the standard frame synchronization method tailored for an AWGN channel with signal-independent noise power.
Frame Synchronization for FSO Links with Unknown Signal Amplitude and Noise Power / Morelli, Michele; Moretti, Marco; D'Amico Antonio, Alberto; Colavolpe, Giulio. - In: IEEE WIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS LETTERS. - ISSN 2162-2337. - 10:7(2021), pp. 1498-1502. [10.1109/LWC.2021.3072630]
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