Soil water potential is a key factor to study water dynamics in soil and for estimating the occurrence of natural hazards, as landslides. This parameter can be measured in field or estimated through physically-based models, limited by the availability of effective input soil properties and pre-liminary calibrations. Data-driven models, based on machine learning techniques, could overcome these gaps. The aim of this paper is then to develop an innovative machine learning methodology to assess soil water potential trends and to implement them in models to predict shallow landslides. Monitoring data since 2012 from test-sites slopes in Oltrepò Pavese (northern Italy) were used to build the models. Within the tested techniques, Random Forest models allowed an outstanding recon-struction of measured soil water potential temporal trends. Each model is sensitive to meteorological and hydrological characteristics according to soil depths and features. Reliability of the proposed models was confirmed by correct estimation of days when shallow landslides were triggered in the study areas in December 2020, after implementing the modeled trends on a slope stability model, and by the correct choice of physically-based rainfall thresholds. These results confirm the potential application of the developed methodology to estimate hydrological scenarios that could be used for decision-making purposes.

A data-driven method for the temporal estimation of soil water potential and its application for shallow landslides prediction / Bordoni, M.; Inzaghi, F.; Vivaldi, V.; Valentino, R.; Bittelli, M.; Meisina, C.. - In: WATER. - ISSN 2073-4441. - 13:9(2021), p. 1208.1208. [10.3390/w13091208]

A data-driven method for the temporal estimation of soil water potential and its application for shallow landslides prediction

Valentino R.;
2021

Abstract

Soil water potential is a key factor to study water dynamics in soil and for estimating the occurrence of natural hazards, as landslides. This parameter can be measured in field or estimated through physically-based models, limited by the availability of effective input soil properties and pre-liminary calibrations. Data-driven models, based on machine learning techniques, could overcome these gaps. The aim of this paper is then to develop an innovative machine learning methodology to assess soil water potential trends and to implement them in models to predict shallow landslides. Monitoring data since 2012 from test-sites slopes in Oltrepò Pavese (northern Italy) were used to build the models. Within the tested techniques, Random Forest models allowed an outstanding recon-struction of measured soil water potential temporal trends. Each model is sensitive to meteorological and hydrological characteristics according to soil depths and features. Reliability of the proposed models was confirmed by correct estimation of days when shallow landslides were triggered in the study areas in December 2020, after implementing the modeled trends on a slope stability model, and by the correct choice of physically-based rainfall thresholds. These results confirm the potential application of the developed methodology to estimate hydrological scenarios that could be used for decision-making purposes.
A data-driven method for the temporal estimation of soil water potential and its application for shallow landslides prediction / Bordoni, M.; Inzaghi, F.; Vivaldi, V.; Valentino, R.; Bittelli, M.; Meisina, C.. - In: WATER. - ISSN 2073-4441. - 13:9(2021), p. 1208.1208. [10.3390/w13091208]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11381/2894039
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