The control of the fungal contamination on crops is considered a priority by the sanitary authorities of an increasing number of countries, and this is also due to the fact that the geographic areas interested in mycotoxin outbreaks are widening. Among the different pre‐ and post‐harvest strategies that may be applied to prevent fungal and/or aflatoxin contamination, fungicides still play a prominent role; however, despite of countless efforts, to date the problem of food and feed contamination remains unsolved, since the essential factors that affect aflatoxins production are various and hardly to handle as a whole. In this scenario, the exploitation of bioactive natural sources to obtain new agents presenting novel mechanisms of action may represent a successful strategy to minimize, at the same time, aflatoxin contamination and the use of toxic pesticides. The Aflatox® Project was aimed at the development of new‐generation inhibitors of aflatoxigenic Aspergillus spp. proliferation and toxin production, through the modification of naturally occurring molecules: a panel of 177 compounds, belonging to the thiosemicarbazones class, have been synthesized and screened for their antifungal and anti‐aflatoxigenic potential. The most effective compounds, selected as the best candidates as aflatoxin containment agents, were also evaluated in terms of cytotoxicity, genotoxicity and epi‐genotoxicity to exclude potential harmful effect on the human health, the plants on which fungi grow and the whole ecosystem.
The aflatox® project: Approaching the development of new generation, natural‐based compounds for the containment of the mycotoxigenic phytopathogen Aspergillus flavus and aflatoxin contamination / Montalbano, S.; Degola, F.; Bartoli, J.; Bisceglie, F.; Buschini, A.; Carcelli, M.; Feretti, D.; Galati, S.; Marchi, L.; Orsoni, N.; Pelosi, G.; Pioli, M.; Restivo, F. M.; Rogolino, D.; Scaccaglia, M.; Serra, O.; Spadola, G.; Viola, G. C. V.; Zerbini, I.; Zani, C.. - In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR SCIENCES. - ISSN 1661-6596. - 22:9(2021). [10.3390/ijms22094520]
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