Two commercial stationary phases allowing both reversed phase mechanism and anion-exchange with different selectivity, i.e. CSH C18 and Atlantis PREMIER BEH C18 AX, were tested for the separation of a complex mixture of 21 fatty acids (FAs) encompassing saturated medium-, long- and very long chain FAs, unsaturated long and very long chain FAs, cis/trans isomers, and isomers of odd- and branched-chain FAs. For this purpose, the role of surface area of stationary phase and the effect of pH of the mobile phase on the retention of the analytes were investigated. Separation was performed by ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography coupled with high resolution mass spectrometry (UHPLC-HRMS). BEH C18 AX was shown to be more versatile and to offer superior retention of these analytes to CSH C18 owing to a higher surface area and anion-exchange capacity up to pH 8.5. The UHPLC system allows shortening analysis time, the chromatographic analysis being accomplished in about 5 min, affording a high throughput of samples without the need for derivatization or ion-pairing reagents compared to techniques based upon gas chromatography approaches or LC. Finally, the application of the BEH C18 AX column using UHPLC-HRMS was demonstrated for the separation and unambiguous identification of FAs of nutritional interest in a dietary supplement sample.
Reversed-phase and weak anion-exchange mixed-mode stationary phase for fast separation of medium-, long- and very long chain free fatty acids by ultra-high- performance liquid chromatography-high resolution mass spectrometry / Mattarozzi, Monica; Riboni, Nicolò; Maffini, Monica; Scarpella, Simona; Bianchi, Federica; Careri, Maria. - In: JOURNAL OF CHROMATOGRAPHY A. - ISSN 1873-3778. - 1648(2021). [10.1016/j.chroma.2021.462209]
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