Titanium surface characteristics, including microtopography, chemical composition, and wettability, are essential features to achieve osseointegration of dental implants, but the choice of a particular surface topography is still a debated topic among clinicians. An increased level of implant surface hydrophilicity has been demonstrated to ameliorate osseo-integration and shorten healing times. The aim of this work is to develop and test a suitable thermal-based method to enhance titanium surface wet-tability without modifying other characteristics of the implant surface. For this function, titanium discs with different surface topography have been thermally treated by testing different temperatures and excluding those that led to evident chromatic and morphological modifications. The selected surface gain in wettability after the treatment was assessed through contact angle measurement, chemistry modifications through x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) analysis, and microtopography through scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Results showed a great enhancement in hydro-philicity on the tested surfaces without any other modification in terms of surface chemical composition and topography. A possible limitation of this method could be the persistent, although relatively slow, biological aging of the surfaces after the treatment. The present findings indicate that the described treatment could be a safe and effective method to enhance dental titanium hydrophilicity and thus its biological performance.
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