Despite water being the most common and most widely studied substance in the world, it still presents unknown aspects. In particular, water shows several thermodynamic and dynamical anomalies in the liquid and supercooled metastable phases, and the natures of these phases are still hotly debated. Here, we report measurements of water using the optical Kerr effect as a function of pressure along two isotherms, at 273 K from 0.1 to 750 MPa and at 297 K from 0.1 to 1350 MPa, reaching the supercooled metastable phase. The structural relaxation and the low frequency vibrational dynamics of water show a peculiar pressure dependence similar to that of other dynamical properties. The data analysis suggests the presence in the water phase diagram of a crossover area that divides two regions characterized by different dynamic regimes, which appear to be related to two liquid forms, one dominated by the high density water and the other by the low density water.
Pressure Effects on Water Dynamics by Time-Resolved Optical Kerr Effect / Taschin, Andrea; Bartolini, Paolo; Fanetti, Samuele; Lapini, Andrea; Citroni, Margherita; Righini, Roberto; Bini, Roberto; Torre, Renato. - In: THE JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY LETTERS. - ISSN 1948-7185. - 11:8(2020), pp. 3063-3068-3068. [10.1021/acs.jpclett.0c00363]
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