Background/Aim: Gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) has a wide spectrum of clinical manifestations. Involvement of the groin region can cause interesting presentations but, as of 2020, has rarely been investigated. Our aim was to assess the clinicopathological and prognostic features of GIST appearing in this specific part of the body. Materials and Methods: We investigated the world literature dealing with primary or metastatic GIST appearing in the inguinal region (IGIST). A case of metastatic IGIST from our clinical records was also included. Results: We found only six cases of primary and nine of metastatic IGIST. All were of male gender, and most aged 60 years or more (10 cases). Inguinal hernia (11 cases) was the patient type most frequently affected. The association between metastatic IGIST and inguinal lymphadenopathy was statistically significant (p=0.049). Conclusion: IGIST is a rare entity with particular clinical manifestations. Inguinal hernia and inguinal lymphadenopathy should be carefully investigated in patients with a history of GIST.
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