Background: Laparoscopic partial splenectomy (LPS) may allow avoiding total splenectomy (TS) complications and maximizing the advantages of mini-invasive approach. The objective of this review is to assess feasibility and safety of LPS, to compare this approach with alternative options. Materials and Methods: A literature review of articles reporting LPS is performed. Several parameters, including age, indication, surgical technique, devices used for splenic section/hemostasis, adverse outcomes, including morbidity/mortality, conversions to open surgery, conversions to TS, operative time (OT), and hospital stay (HS), are analyzed. Articles comparing LPS' results with those of open partial splenectomy and laparoscopic TS are also analyzed. Results: Fifty-nine articles reporting 457 LPS were included. Patients' characteristics varied widely, concerning age and indications, including hematological disease (hereditary spherocytosis, drepanocytosis), splenic focal masses, and trauma. Several technical options are reported. Mean OT and HS are 128±43.7 minutes and 4.9±3.8 days, respectively. No mortality and 5.7% morbidity are reported. Conversion rates to open surgery and to TS are 3.9% and 3.7%, respectively. Conclusions: In conclusion LPS is feasible and safe, with no mortality, low morbidity, and low conversion rates to laparotomy and to TS. LPS may be accomplished by various techniques and tools. Major complications are sporadically reported, thus potential risks should not be underestimated.
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