Infants are at risk of vitamin K deficiency that may lead to vitamin K deficiency bleeding (VKDB). Although many vitamin K prophylactic regimens have been developed throughout the years, still cases of late form VKBD may occur. The introduction of combined prophylactic strategy with prolonged oral prophylaxes after the intramuscular dose at birth has showed a decrease of the late severe VKDB incidence. Nevertheless, there is still lack of consensus about the administration scheme after the first dose at birth. Conclusion: Late form VKBD is not eradicated, and the best prophylactic regimen in term and preterm infants is still an open debate.
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo su rivista|