There are huge demands on multifunctional nanocarriers to be used in nanomedicine. Herein, we present a simple and efficient method for the preparation of multifunctional magnetically responsive polymericbased nanocarriers optimized for biomedical applications. The hybrid delivery system is composed of drug-loaded polymer nanoparticles (poly(caprolactone), PCL) coated with a multilayer shell of polyglutamic acid (PGA) and superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPIONs), which are known as bio-acceptable components. The PCL nanocarriers with a model anticancer drug (Paclitaxel, PTX) were formed by the spontaneous emulsification solvent evaporation (SESE) method, while the magnetically responsive multilayer shell was formed via the layer-by-layer (LbL) method. As a result, we obtained magnetically responsive polycaprolactone nanocarriers (MN-PCL NCs) with an average size of about 120 nm. Using the 9.4 T preclinical magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scanner we confirmed, that obtained MN-PCL NCs can be successfully used as a MRI-detectable drug delivery system. The magnetic hyperthermia effect of the MN-PCL NCs was demonstrated by applying a 25 mT radio-frequency (f ¼ 429 kHz) alternating magnetic field. We found a Specific Absorption Rate (SAR) of 55 W g1. The conducted research fulfills the first step of investigation for biomedical application, which is mandatory for the planning of any in vitro and in vivo studies.
Magnetically responsive polycaprolactone nanocarriers for application in the biomedical field: magnetic hyperthermia, magnetic resonance imaging, and magnetic drug delivery / Szczęch, Marta; Orsi, Davide; Łopuszyńska, Natalia; Cristofolini, Luigi; Jasiński, Krzysztof; Węglarz, Władysław P.; Albertini, Franca; Kereïche, Sami; Szczepanowicz, Krzysztof. - In: RSC ADVANCES. - ISSN 2046-2069. - 10:71(2020), pp. 43607-43618. [10.1039/D0RA07507H]
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