Human adult endothelial cells were enzymatically harvested from adipose tissue. Cell viability was established by Trypan blue exclusion and transmission and scanning electron microscopy. Endothelial cells were identified by immunocytochemical investigation at light microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, and scanning electron microscopy. Isolated cells were positive for actin and vimentin, negative for desmin. Factor VIII RA was mainly expressed at cell surface and occasionally disclosed in the cytoplasm. Reactivity for UEA I and J15 was weak or undetectable. Human endothelial cells were seeded and left to adhere for one hour onto different nonvascular substrates (glass, poly-I-lysine, formvar-carbon, fibronectin, Teflon). Scanning electron microscopy defined surface features, suggesting tenacious cell adhesion on the substrate. Different vascular substrates were tested (preclotted Dacron, albumin Dacron, Hemashield Dacron, Gelseal Dacron, ePTFE, fibronectin-ePTFE). Commercially available coated grafts showed qualitative and quantitative differences in cell adhesion. In particular, Gelseal Dacron provided the best quantitative results, even though a wide variability was observed. In contrast, fibronectincoated ePTFE gave more reliable results and high spreading efficiency. In the short term, coated grafts do not seem to offer greater advantages than fibronectin-coated ePTFE. However, specific incubation times for each coated graft should be selected and the long-term approach (graft culture) should also be attempted. © 1989, Annals of Vascular Surgery, Inc.. All rights reserved.
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo su rivista|