Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have been recently introduced in veterinary medicine as a potential therapeutic tool for several pathologies. The large-scale in vitro expansion needed to ensure the preparation of a suitable number of MSCs for clinical application usually requires the use of xenogeneic supplements like the fetal bovine serum (FBS). The substitution of FBS with species-specific supplements would improve the safety of implanted cells, reducing the risk of undesired immune responses following cell therapy. We have evaluated the effectiveness of canine adipose tissue-derived stromal vascular fraction (SVF) and MSCs (ADMSCs) expansion in the presence of canine blood-derived supplements. Cells were cultured on traditional plastic surface and inside a 3D environment derived from the jellification of different blood-derived products, i.e., platelet-poor plasma (PPP), platelet-rich plasma (PRP), or platelet lysate (PL). PPP, PRP, and PL can contribute to canine ADMSCs in vitro expansion. Both allogeneic and autologous PPP and PL can replace FBS for ADMSCs culture on a plastic surface, exhibiting either a similar (PPP) or a more effective (PL) stimulus to cell replication. Furthermore, the 3D environment based on homospecific blood-derived products polymerization provides a strong stimulus to ADMSCs replication, producing a higher number of cells in comparison to the plastic surface environment. Allogeneic or autologous blood products behave similarly. The work suggests that canine ADMSCs can be expanded in the absence of xenogeneic supplements, thus increasing the safety of cellular preparations. Furthermore, the 3D fibrin-based matrices could represent a simple, readily available environments for effective in vitro expansion of ADMSCs using allogeneic or autologous blood-products.

Xenobiotic-Free Medium Guarantees Expansion of Adipose Tissue-Derived Canine Mesenchymal Stem Cells both in 3D Fibrin-Based Matrices and in 2D Plastic Surface Cultures / Suelzu, CaterinaM; Conti, Virna; Khalidy, Youssef; Montagna, Sara; Strusi, Gabriele; Di Lecce, Rosanna; Berni, Priscilla; Basini, Giuseppina; Ramoni, Roberto; Grolli, Stefano. - In: CELLS. - ISSN 2073-4409. - 9:2578(2020), pp. 1-27. [10.3390/cells9122578]

Xenobiotic-Free Medium Guarantees Expansion of Adipose Tissue-Derived Canine Mesenchymal Stem Cells both in 3D Fibrin-Based Matrices and in 2D Plastic Surface Cultures

Virna Conti;Youssef Khalidy;Rosanna Di Lecce;Priscilla Berni;Giuseppina Basini;Roberto Ramoni;Stefano Grolli
2020

Abstract

Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have been recently introduced in veterinary medicine as a potential therapeutic tool for several pathologies. The large-scale in vitro expansion needed to ensure the preparation of a suitable number of MSCs for clinical application usually requires the use of xenogeneic supplements like the fetal bovine serum (FBS). The substitution of FBS with species-specific supplements would improve the safety of implanted cells, reducing the risk of undesired immune responses following cell therapy. We have evaluated the effectiveness of canine adipose tissue-derived stromal vascular fraction (SVF) and MSCs (ADMSCs) expansion in the presence of canine blood-derived supplements. Cells were cultured on traditional plastic surface and inside a 3D environment derived from the jellification of different blood-derived products, i.e., platelet-poor plasma (PPP), platelet-rich plasma (PRP), or platelet lysate (PL). PPP, PRP, and PL can contribute to canine ADMSCs in vitro expansion. Both allogeneic and autologous PPP and PL can replace FBS for ADMSCs culture on a plastic surface, exhibiting either a similar (PPP) or a more effective (PL) stimulus to cell replication. Furthermore, the 3D environment based on homospecific blood-derived products polymerization provides a strong stimulus to ADMSCs replication, producing a higher number of cells in comparison to the plastic surface environment. Allogeneic or autologous blood products behave similarly. The work suggests that canine ADMSCs can be expanded in the absence of xenogeneic supplements, thus increasing the safety of cellular preparations. Furthermore, the 3D fibrin-based matrices could represent a simple, readily available environments for effective in vitro expansion of ADMSCs using allogeneic or autologous blood-products.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11381/2884210
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