Background: Breast reconstruction after salvage mastectomy (SM) for recurrent cancer represents a challenge in preradiated patients due to the increased complication rate. Latissimus dorsi myocutaneous flap (LDMF) represents a good reconstructive option due to its versatility, safety, and adaptability. Methods: Fifty-nine patients treated in the Breast Surgery Unit at the University Hospital of Parma (Italy) between January 2010 and December 2017 for ipsilateral breast recurrent cancer, previously treated by partial mastectomy plus whole-breast radiation therapy, were analyzed. They underwent SM and immediate reconstruction with implant-assisted pedicled LDMF. We registered local treatment, oncologic characteristics, complications, capsular contracture rate, DASH test, and BREAST-Q scores. Results: Mean implant volume was 403 g (range 135-650 g). Contralateral operations were 16/59 (27.1%). We obtained complete postoperative pain control in most cases with paracetamol. Medium hospital stay was 2.8 days. We registered 3.4% major complications and 6.8% minor ones. Mean follow-up was 26.65 months (range 3-91.9 months). DASH questionnaire evidenced no disability for 71.19% of patients and minimum disability for 28.81% of them. BREAST-Q Aesthetic Questionnaire obtained 92.72%. No patient developed Baker III or IV capsular contracture. Conclusions: LDMF with implant is a reliable and safe procedure for 1-step breast reconstruction after SM for recurrent cancer in radiated breast. It entails a low rate of major complications, achieving stable and pleasant results without significant upper limb functional impairment, also for elderly women and larger breasts. Thus, a definite role is yet predictable for this flap in the setting of SM in all cases not suitable for free-flap reconstruction.
Latissimus Dorsi Myocutaneous Flap in Immediate Reconstruction after Salvage Mastectomy Post-Lumpectomy and Radiation Therapy / Cattelani, L.; Spotti, A.; Pedrazzi, G.; Arcuri, M. F.; Gussago, F.; Polotto, S.. - In: PLASTIC AND RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY – GLOBAL OPEN. - ISSN 2169-7574. - 7:7(2019), p. e2296. [10.1097/GOX.0000000000002296]
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