OBJECTIVE: Vitiligo is a chronic acquired pigmentary skin disorder characterized by well-defined asymptomatic white macule as a result of loss of functional melanocytes in the epidermis. The psychological burden experienced by patients is of great interest and consequently research of the best medical approach is constantly developing. This review focuses on surgical approach and the combination of surgery and phototherapy. In addition, reflectance confocal microscopy (RCM) could be useful to discriminate between stable or active vitiligo and to evaluate efficacy of therapy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We searched PubMed with the following keywords: (vitiligo[ Title/Abstract]) AND therapy[Title/Abstract]) AND surgery[Title/Abstract]) AND phototherapy[ Title/Abstract]) AND reflectance confocal microscopy[ Title/Abstract]). RESULTS: To date, surgery is an effective therapeutic approach in stable vitiligo. Phototherapy, which is the most effective medical option, can improve the results obtained with surgery if performed in combination. Preliminary data show that RCM help physician in evaluating stability of vitiligo and is also useful to monitor clinical response. CONCLUSIONS: Vitiligo is a psychosocially debilitating disease requiring a multidisciplinary approach. Even if a standard management could not be stated, combination of surgery and phototherapy in stable vitiligo could lead to great improvement than monotherapy. RCM is a modern tool which should be used in order to perform surgery and phototherapy properly and to subsequently evaluate efficacy on a microscopic level.
Vitiligo management: Combination of surgical treatment and phototherapy under reflectance confocal microscopy monitoring / Cortelazzi, C.; Pellacani, G.; Raposio, E.; Di Nuzzo, S.. - In: EUROPEAN REVIEW FOR MEDICAL AND PHARMACOLOGICAL SCIENCES. - ISSN 1128-3602. - 24:13(2020), pp. 7366-7371. [10.26355/eurrev_202007_21904]
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