Objectives The early identification of women with preterm premature rupture of membranes (p-PROM) who are at higher risk of imminent delivery remains challenging. The aim of our study was to evaluate if an increased echogenicity of the amniotic membranes may represent a sonographic marker of impending delivery in women with p-PROM. Methods This was a prospective study including women with singleton pregnancies and diagnosis of p-PROM between 22 and 37 gestational weeks. A sonographic examination was performed within 24h from the hospital admission and the appearance of the amniotic membranes close to the internal os was specifically evaluated. The membranes were defined as hyperechoic when their echogenicity was similar to that of the fetal bones or normoechoic in the other cases. The primary aim of the study was to compare the admission to spontaneous onset of labor interval and the pregnancy outcome between the cases of p-PROM with and without hyperechoic membranes. Results Overall, 45 women fulfilled the inclusion criteria with similar characteristics at admission. In women with hyperechoic membranes, the admission to spontaneous onset of labor interval was significantly shorter (11.5 [5.3-25.0] vs. 3.0 [1.5-9.0] p=0.04) compared to women with normo-echoic membranes. At binomial logistic regression after adjustment for GA at hospital admission, the presence of hyperechoic membranes was found as the only independent predictor of spontaneous onset of labor≤72h (aOR: 6.1; 95% CI: 1.0-36.9) Conclusions The presence of hyperechoic membranes is associated with a 6-fold higher incidence of spontaneous onset of labor within 72h independently from the gestational age at p-PROM.
Hyperechoic amniotic membranes in patients with preterm premature rupture of membranes (p-PROM) and pregnancy outcome / Volpe, Nicola; di Pasquo, Elvira; Ferretti, Alice; Dall'Asta, Andrea; Fieni, Stefania; Frusca, Tiziana; Ghi, Tullio. - In: JOURNAL OF PERINATAL MEDICINE. - ISSN 1619-3997. - 49:3(2021), pp. 311-318. [10.1515/jpm-2020-0223]
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