Objectives: To evaluate the inter-rater agreement of chest X-ray (CXR) findings in coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and to determine the value of initial CXR along with demographic, clinical, and laboratory data at emergency department (ED) presentation for predicting mortality and the need for ventilatory support. Methods: A total of 340 COVID-19 patients who underwent CXR in the ED setting (March 1–13, 2020) were retrospectively included. Two reviewers independently assessed CXR abnormalities, including ground-glass opacities (GGOs) and consolidation. Two scoring systems (Brixia score and percentage of lung involvement) were applied. Inter-rater agreement was assessed by weighted Cohen’s kappa (κ) or intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC). Predictors of death and respiratory support were identified by logistic or Poisson regression. Results: GGO admixed with consolidation (n = 235, 69%) was the most common CXR finding. The inter-rater agreement was almost perfect for type of parenchymal opacity (κ = 0.90), Brixia score (ICC = 0.91), and percentage of lung involvement (ICC = 0.95). The Brixia score (OR: 1.19; 95% CI: 1.06, 1.34; p = 0.003), age (OR: 1.16; 95% CI: 1.11, 1.22; p < 0.001), PaO2/FiO2 ratio (OR: 0.99; 95% CI: 0.98, 1; p = 0.002), and cardiovascular diseases (OR: 3.21; 95% CI: 1.28, 8.39; p = 0.014) predicted death. Percentage of lung involvement (OR: 1.02; 95% CI: 1.01, 1.03; p = 0.001) and PaO2/FiO2 ratio (OR: 0.99; 95% CI: 0.99, 1.00; p < 0.001) were significant predictors of the need for ventilatory support. Conclusions: CXR is a reproducible tool for assessing COVID-19 and integrates with patient history, PaO2/FiO2 ratio, and SpO2 values to early predict mortality and the need for ventilatory support. Key Points: • Chest X-ray is a reproducible tool for assessing COVID-19 pneumonia. • The Brixia score and percentage of lung involvement on chest X-ray integrate with patient history, PaO2/FIO2ratio, and SpO2values to early predict mortality and the need for ventilatory support in COVID-19 patients presenting to the emergency department.

Chest X-ray for predicting mortality and the need for ventilatory support in COVID-19 patients presenting to the emergency department / Balbi, M.; Caroli, A.; Corsi, A.; Milanese, G.; Surace, A.; Di Marco, F.; Novelli, L.; Silva, M.; Lorini, F. L.; Duca, A.; Cosentini, R.; Sverzellati, N.; Bonaffini, P. A.; Sironi, S.. - In: EUROPEAN RADIOLOGY. - ISSN 0938-7994. - 31:4(2021), pp. 1999-2012. [10.1007/s00330-020-07270-1]

Chest X-ray for predicting mortality and the need for ventilatory support in COVID-19 patients presenting to the emergency department

Milanese G.
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Di Marco F.;Silva M.
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Sverzellati N.
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
2021

Abstract

Objectives: To evaluate the inter-rater agreement of chest X-ray (CXR) findings in coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and to determine the value of initial CXR along with demographic, clinical, and laboratory data at emergency department (ED) presentation for predicting mortality and the need for ventilatory support. Methods: A total of 340 COVID-19 patients who underwent CXR in the ED setting (March 1–13, 2020) were retrospectively included. Two reviewers independently assessed CXR abnormalities, including ground-glass opacities (GGOs) and consolidation. Two scoring systems (Brixia score and percentage of lung involvement) were applied. Inter-rater agreement was assessed by weighted Cohen’s kappa (κ) or intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC). Predictors of death and respiratory support were identified by logistic or Poisson regression. Results: GGO admixed with consolidation (n = 235, 69%) was the most common CXR finding. The inter-rater agreement was almost perfect for type of parenchymal opacity (κ = 0.90), Brixia score (ICC = 0.91), and percentage of lung involvement (ICC = 0.95). The Brixia score (OR: 1.19; 95% CI: 1.06, 1.34; p = 0.003), age (OR: 1.16; 95% CI: 1.11, 1.22; p < 0.001), PaO2/FiO2 ratio (OR: 0.99; 95% CI: 0.98, 1; p = 0.002), and cardiovascular diseases (OR: 3.21; 95% CI: 1.28, 8.39; p = 0.014) predicted death. Percentage of lung involvement (OR: 1.02; 95% CI: 1.01, 1.03; p = 0.001) and PaO2/FiO2 ratio (OR: 0.99; 95% CI: 0.99, 1.00; p < 0.001) were significant predictors of the need for ventilatory support. Conclusions: CXR is a reproducible tool for assessing COVID-19 and integrates with patient history, PaO2/FiO2 ratio, and SpO2 values to early predict mortality and the need for ventilatory support. Key Points: • Chest X-ray is a reproducible tool for assessing COVID-19 pneumonia. • The Brixia score and percentage of lung involvement on chest X-ray integrate with patient history, PaO2/FIO2ratio, and SpO2values to early predict mortality and the need for ventilatory support in COVID-19 patients presenting to the emergency department.
Chest X-ray for predicting mortality and the need for ventilatory support in COVID-19 patients presenting to the emergency department / Balbi, M.; Caroli, A.; Corsi, A.; Milanese, G.; Surace, A.; Di Marco, F.; Novelli, L.; Silva, M.; Lorini, F. L.; Duca, A.; Cosentini, R.; Sverzellati, N.; Bonaffini, P. A.; Sironi, S.. - In: EUROPEAN RADIOLOGY. - ISSN 0938-7994. - 31:4(2021), pp. 1999-2012. [10.1007/s00330-020-07270-1]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11381/2881326
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