We study the Euler–Lagrange equation for several natural functionals defined on a conformal class of almost Hermitian metrics, whose expression involves the Lee form θ of the metric. We show that the Gauduchon metrics are the unique extremal metrics of the functional corresponding to the norm of the codifferential of the Lee form. We prove that on compact complex surfaces, in every conformal class there exists a unique metric, up to multiplication by a constant, which is extremal for the functional given by the L2-norm of d Jθ, where J denotes the complex structure. These extremal metrics are not the Gauduchon metrics in general, hence we extend their definition to any dimension and show that they give unique representatives, up to constant multiples, of any conformal class of almost Hermitian metrics.
Variational Problems in Conformal Geometry / Angella, D.; Istrati, N.; Otiman, A.; Tardini, N.. - In: THE JOURNAL OF GEOMETRIC ANALYSIS. - ISSN 1050-6926. - (2020). [10.1007/s12220-020-00392-4]
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