BACKGROUND/AIM: Although genoproteomic and clinicopathological knowledge on Lynch syndrome (LS) and familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) has notably increased during the past two decades and even though surgery represents the mainstay of treatment for both conditions, as of 2019, the surgical choice in terms of timing and procedure still appears controversial in the absence of definitive guidelines. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data were retrospectively analyzed of patients with colorectal cancer (CRC) surgically treated at our Institution between 1st January 2003 and 31st December 2018. Particular attention was given to patients with LS and FAP ≤45 years of age (young-onset CRC); for this category of patients, the surgical procedures performed were compared in terms of benefits and disadvantages. RESULTS: A total of 1,878 primary CRCs were submitted to major surgery; young-onset malignancies accounted for 3.8% of all CRCs. Thirteen young-onset inherited CRCs were surgically removed from 11 patients with LS and two with FAP. Segmental colectomy and restorative proctocolectomy were the procedures most frequently performed in young patients with LS and FAP, respectively. CONCLUSION: In the light of our retrospective results, we highlight the need for randomized controlled trials comparing the surgical options for LS- and FAP-related CRC developing in young patients. Defining the advantages and risks of each surgical option is of the utmost importance in order to improve prognosis of such patients and establish unanimous recommendations.
Curative and prophylactic surgery of young-onset colorectal cancer in inherited syndromes. a 15-year monocentric retrospective experience / Virgilio, Edoardo; Balducci, Genoveffa; Mercantini, Paolo; Ferri, Mario; Palumbo, Antonio; Pilozzi, Emanuela; Cavallini, Marco. - In: ANTICANCER RESEARCH. - ISSN 0250-7005. - 39:6(2019), pp. 3131-3136. [10.21873/anticanres.13449]
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