PF-03715455, an inhaled p38 α/β mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase inhibitor (MAPK), has being identified as an agent with potential therapeutic action on lung diseases such as COPD and severe asthma. However, little is known about this MAPKs local and systemic pharmacokinetics after pulmonary delivery. Consequently, the aim of the present work was to develop and validate a method of extraction and quantification of PF-03715455 in rat plasma and lung tissues and to determine the drug biodistribution in plasma and respiratory tissues after intratracheal administration of the drug solution in rats. The method was validated in rat plasma samples and resulted selective and linear in the concentration range of 0.08−100 ng/ml. Then a partial validation was carried out on samples obtained by the extraction and quantification of PF-03715455 from rat lung homogenate in order to ascertain method applicability on lung tissue samples. The intratracheal administration of drug in solution to rats evidenced a rapid elimination from the plasma, while on the contrary a prolonged residence time in lung tissue was evidenced. In conclusion, a linear, accurate, precise and reproducible method has been developed and validated according to FDA and EMA guidelines to quantify plasmatic and tissue-associated concentrations of PF-03715455 in order to investigate this compound in pharmacokinetics pre-clinical studies in rats. The administration of drug solution evidenced a prolonged permanence of the drug in the lungs that could be related to a slow absorption/poor permeability of the drug across airways epithelia.
Pulmonary delivery of a p38 α/β MAP kinase inhibitor: bioanalytical method validation and biodistribution in rat plasma and respiratory tissues / Marenghi, G.; Clementino, A. R.; Fioni, A.; Buttini, F.; Sonvico, F.. - In: EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PHARMACEUTICAL SCIENCES. - ISSN 0928-0987. - 149(2020), p. 105341. [10.1016/j.ejps.2020.105341]
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