Background: Long-term survival benefits of full arterial revascularization with radial artery (RA) used in addition to bilateral internal mammary arteries (BIMA) compared with saphenous vein (SV) used in addition to BIMA has not been clearly defined. Methods: We retrospectively analyzed 660 3-vessel coronary artery disease subjects who received BIMA in addition to either RA (n = 206) or SV (n = 454) grafting in a period between June 1999 and November 2017. After propensity score matching, we obtained 190 matched pairs for analysis. Results: In the matched population, in-hospital mortality occurred in 4 patients (1%), with 2 deaths (1.1%) in the BIMA + RA group and 2 deaths (1.1%) in BIMA + SV group (P >.99). The median follow-up time was 9.2 years (interquartile range, 5.6-13 years) with a maximum follow-up time of 18.5 years. There was not a significant difference in long-term survival between the 2 groups over the follow-up period. Survival at 5, 10, and 15 years were 94.8 ± 1.7%, 83.7 ± 3.1%, and 78.6 ± 3.9% in the BIMA + RA group and 96.2 ± 1.4%, 85.1 ± 2.9%, and 80.4 ± 3.6% in the BIMA + SV group (stratified log-rank P =.78). Cox proportional hazard regression model was used to estimate that the use of RA in addition to BIMA did not affect the late mortality (propensity score adjusted hazard ratio, 1.05; 95% confidence interval, 0.62-1.79; P =.83). Conclusions: In a relatively small population of triple-vessel coronary artery disease, the use of RA as a third arterial conduit with BIMA did not confer a long-term survival benefit.
The impact of the radial artery or the saphenous vein in addition to the bilateral internal mammary arteries on late survival: A propensity score analysis / Formica, F; D'Alessandro, S; Singh, G; Ciobanu, AM; Messina, LA; Scianna, S; Moscatiello, M. - In: JOURNAL OF THORACIC AND CARDIOVASCULAR SURGERY. - ISSN 0022-5223. - (2019). [10.1016/j.jtcvs.2018.12.078]
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