Removing organics from hybrid nanostructures is a crucial step in many bottom-up materials fabrication approaches. It is usually assumed that calcination is an effective solution to this problem, especially for thin films. This assumption has led to its application in thousands of papers. We here show that this general assumption is incorrect by using a relevant and highly controlled model system consisting of thin films of ligand-capped ZrO2 nanocrystals. After calcination at 800 degrees C for 12 h, while Raman spectroscopy fails to detect the ligands after calcination, elastic backscattering spectrometry characterization demonstrates that similar to 18% of the original carbon atoms are still present in the film. By comparison plasma processing successfully removes the ligands. Our growth kinetic analysis shows that the calcined materials have significantly different interfacial properties than the plasma-processed counterparts. Calcination is not a reliable strategy for the production of single-phase allinorganic materials from colloidal nanoparticles.

Calcination does not remove all carbon from colloidal nanocrystal assemblies / Mohapatra, P; Shaw, S; Mendivelso-Perez, D; Bobbitt, JM; Silva, TF; Naab, F; Yuan, B; Tian, XC; Smith, EA; Cademartiri, L. - In: NATURE COMMUNICATIONS. - ISSN 2041-1723. - 8(2017). [10.1038/s41467-017-02267-9]

Calcination does not remove all carbon from colloidal nanocrystal assemblies

Cademartiri L
2017

Abstract

Removing organics from hybrid nanostructures is a crucial step in many bottom-up materials fabrication approaches. It is usually assumed that calcination is an effective solution to this problem, especially for thin films. This assumption has led to its application in thousands of papers. We here show that this general assumption is incorrect by using a relevant and highly controlled model system consisting of thin films of ligand-capped ZrO2 nanocrystals. After calcination at 800 degrees C for 12 h, while Raman spectroscopy fails to detect the ligands after calcination, elastic backscattering spectrometry characterization demonstrates that similar to 18% of the original carbon atoms are still present in the film. By comparison plasma processing successfully removes the ligands. Our growth kinetic analysis shows that the calcined materials have significantly different interfacial properties than the plasma-processed counterparts. Calcination is not a reliable strategy for the production of single-phase allinorganic materials from colloidal nanoparticles.
Calcination does not remove all carbon from colloidal nanocrystal assemblies / Mohapatra, P; Shaw, S; Mendivelso-Perez, D; Bobbitt, JM; Silva, TF; Naab, F; Yuan, B; Tian, XC; Smith, EA; Cademartiri, L. - In: NATURE COMMUNICATIONS. - ISSN 2041-1723. - 8(2017). [10.1038/s41467-017-02267-9]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11381/2874558
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