Introduction Nursing home residents represent a particularly vulnerable population experiencing high risk of unplanned hospital admissions, but few interventions have proved effective in reducing this risk. The aim of this research will be to verify the effects of a hospital-based multidisciplinary mobile unit (MMU) team intervention delivering urgent care to nursing home residents directly at their bedside. Methods and analysis Four nursing homes based in the Parma province, in Northern Italy, will be involved in this prospective, pragmatic, multicentre, 18-month quasiexperimental study (sequential design with two cohorts). The residents of two nursing homes will receive the MMU team care intervention. In case of urgent care needs, the nursing home physician will contact the hospital physician responsible for the MMU team by phone. The case will be triaged as (a) manageable by phone advice, (b) requiring urgent assessment by the MMU team or (c) requiring immediate emergency department (ED) referral. MMU team is composed of one senior physician and one emergency-medicine resident chosen within the staff of Internal Medicine and Critical Subacute Care Unit of Parma University-Hospital, usually with different specialty background, and equipped with portable ultrasound, set of drugs and devices useful in urgency. The MMU visits patients in nursing homes, with the mission to stabilise clinical conditions and avoid hospital admission. Residents of the other two nursing homes will receive usual care, that is, ED referral in every case of urgency. Study endpoints include unplanned hospital admissions (primary), crude all-cause mortality, hospital mortality, length of stay and healthcare-related costs (secondary). Ethics and dissemination The study protocol was approved by the Ethics Committee of Area Vasta Emilia Nord (Emilia-Romagna region). Informed consent will be collected from patients or legal representatives. The results will be actively disseminated through peer-reviewed journals and conference presentations, in compliance with the Italian law. Trial registration number ClinicalTrials.gov Registry (NCT 04085679); Pre-results.

Implementation of a strategy involving a multidisciplinary mobile unit team to prevent hospital admission in nursing home residents: Protocol of a quasi-experimental study (MMU-1 study) / Nouvenne, A.; Caminiti, C.; Diodati, F.; Iezzi, E.; Prati, B.; Lucertini, S.; Schianchi, P.; Pascale, F.; Starcich, B.; Manotti, P.; Brianti, E.; Fabi, M.; Ticinesi, A.; Meschi, T.. - In: BMJ OPEN. - ISSN 2044-6055. - 10:2(2020), p. e034742. [10.1136/bmjopen-2019-034742]

Implementation of a strategy involving a multidisciplinary mobile unit team to prevent hospital admission in nursing home residents: Protocol of a quasi-experimental study (MMU-1 study)

Nouvenne A.;Caminiti C.;Prati B.;Ticinesi A.
;
Meschi T.
2020-01-01

Abstract

Introduction Nursing home residents represent a particularly vulnerable population experiencing high risk of unplanned hospital admissions, but few interventions have proved effective in reducing this risk. The aim of this research will be to verify the effects of a hospital-based multidisciplinary mobile unit (MMU) team intervention delivering urgent care to nursing home residents directly at their bedside. Methods and analysis Four nursing homes based in the Parma province, in Northern Italy, will be involved in this prospective, pragmatic, multicentre, 18-month quasiexperimental study (sequential design with two cohorts). The residents of two nursing homes will receive the MMU team care intervention. In case of urgent care needs, the nursing home physician will contact the hospital physician responsible for the MMU team by phone. The case will be triaged as (a) manageable by phone advice, (b) requiring urgent assessment by the MMU team or (c) requiring immediate emergency department (ED) referral. MMU team is composed of one senior physician and one emergency-medicine resident chosen within the staff of Internal Medicine and Critical Subacute Care Unit of Parma University-Hospital, usually with different specialty background, and equipped with portable ultrasound, set of drugs and devices useful in urgency. The MMU visits patients in nursing homes, with the mission to stabilise clinical conditions and avoid hospital admission. Residents of the other two nursing homes will receive usual care, that is, ED referral in every case of urgency. Study endpoints include unplanned hospital admissions (primary), crude all-cause mortality, hospital mortality, length of stay and healthcare-related costs (secondary). Ethics and dissemination The study protocol was approved by the Ethics Committee of Area Vasta Emilia Nord (Emilia-Romagna region). Informed consent will be collected from patients or legal representatives. The results will be actively disseminated through peer-reviewed journals and conference presentations, in compliance with the Italian law. Trial registration number ClinicalTrials.gov Registry (NCT 04085679); Pre-results.
2020
Implementation of a strategy involving a multidisciplinary mobile unit team to prevent hospital admission in nursing home residents: Protocol of a quasi-experimental study (MMU-1 study) / Nouvenne, A.; Caminiti, C.; Diodati, F.; Iezzi, E.; Prati, B.; Lucertini, S.; Schianchi, P.; Pascale, F.; Starcich, B.; Manotti, P.; Brianti, E.; Fabi, M.; Ticinesi, A.; Meschi, T.. - In: BMJ OPEN. - ISSN 2044-6055. - 10:2(2020), p. e034742. [10.1136/bmjopen-2019-034742]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11381/2873379
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