Local recurrence (LR) is the major concern in the treatment of feline injection-site sarcoma (FISS). Pretreatment leukocyte counts and ratios have been reported as diagnostic and/or prognostic markers in human and canine oncology. The aim of this retrospective study was to explore the prognostic impact on LR and overall survival time (OST) of pretreatment neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), white blood cell count (WBCC), neutrophil count (NC) and lymphocyte count (LC) in cats with surgically excised FISS. Eighty-two cats with histologically confirmed FISS at first presentation, without distant metastases, and with available pretreatment haematological analyses were retrospectively enrolled. The correlation of NLR, WBCC, NC, LC with tumour variables and patient variables was explored. NLR was correlated with tumour size (P =.004), histological pattern of tumour growth (P =.024) and histotype (P =.029), while WBCC and NC were associated with ulceration (P =.007, P =.011) and pattern of growth (P =.028, P =.004). No significant relationships emerged between LC and any of the considered variables. The impact of NLR, WBCC, NC, LC on LR and OST was then estimated in univariate and multivariate analysis. In univariate analysis, NLR, WBCC and NC were significant prognostic factors for both LR and OST. NLR, WBCC and NC remained prognostic in multivariate analysis for LR but not for OST. When NLR, WBCC and NC were jointly analysed, WBCC was the marker with the greater impact on LR. Preoperative NLR, WBCC and NC may aid in identifying cats at higher risk of LR.
Evaluation of leukocyte counts and neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio as predictors of local recurrence of feline injection site sarcoma after curative intent surgery / Chiti, L. E.; Martano, M.; Ferrari, R.; Boracchi, P.; Giordano, A.; Grieco, V.; Buracco, P.; Iussich, S.; Giudice, C.; Miniscalco, B.; Zani, D. D.; Proverbio, D.; Morello, E.; Stefanello, D.. - In: VETERINARY AND COMPARATIVE ONCOLOGY. - ISSN 1476-5810. - 18:1(2020), pp. 105-116. [10.1111/vco.12534]
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