IntroductionThe therapeutic use of interleukin 1 (IL-1) cytokine receptor antagonists (IL-1RA) has promoted the development of new biological therapies for osteoarthritis (OA). Autologous conditioned serum (ACS) is an alternative, safe and well-tolerated treatment in OA.Sources of dataWe performed a comprehensive search of PubMed, Medline, Cochrane, CINAHL, Embase, SportDiscus, Pedro and Google scholar databases using keywords such as 'interleukin 1', 'osteoarthritis' and 'autologous conditioned serum'.Areas of agreementACS, containing endogenous anti-inflammatory cytokines including IL-1RA and several growth factors, could reduce pain and increase function and mobility in mild to moderate knee OA.Area of controversyGiven the limited data available on the composition of ACS, the mechanisms through which ACS produces clinical improvement, the duration of its effect and the changes in cytokine levels after repeated injections are still unknown.Growing pointsAlthough previous clinical data are encouraging and confirm the safety of this modality, given the limitations of current studies, there should be additional, controlled trials to further confirm efficacy for the use of ACS in OA treatment.Area timely for developing researchACS can lead to enhancement of tissue regeneration and to reduction of degenerative mechanisms.

Autologous conditioned serum for the treatment of osteoarthritis and other possible applications in musculoskeletal disorders / Frizziero, A; Giannotti, E; Oliva, F; Masiero, S; Maffulli, N. - In: BRITISH MEDICAL BULLETIN. - ISSN 0007-1420. - (2012), pp. 1-16. [10.1093/bmb/lds016]

Autologous conditioned serum for the treatment of osteoarthritis and other possible applications in musculoskeletal disorders

Frizziero A;
2012

Abstract

IntroductionThe therapeutic use of interleukin 1 (IL-1) cytokine receptor antagonists (IL-1RA) has promoted the development of new biological therapies for osteoarthritis (OA). Autologous conditioned serum (ACS) is an alternative, safe and well-tolerated treatment in OA.Sources of dataWe performed a comprehensive search of PubMed, Medline, Cochrane, CINAHL, Embase, SportDiscus, Pedro and Google scholar databases using keywords such as 'interleukin 1', 'osteoarthritis' and 'autologous conditioned serum'.Areas of agreementACS, containing endogenous anti-inflammatory cytokines including IL-1RA and several growth factors, could reduce pain and increase function and mobility in mild to moderate knee OA.Area of controversyGiven the limited data available on the composition of ACS, the mechanisms through which ACS produces clinical improvement, the duration of its effect and the changes in cytokine levels after repeated injections are still unknown.Growing pointsAlthough previous clinical data are encouraging and confirm the safety of this modality, given the limitations of current studies, there should be additional, controlled trials to further confirm efficacy for the use of ACS in OA treatment.Area timely for developing researchACS can lead to enhancement of tissue regeneration and to reduction of degenerative mechanisms.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11381/2871583
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