Current biomedical research is centered on the study of nanomaterials and their effects in biological environments. In particular, there is an increasing interest on TiO2 nanostructures for biomedical applications such as drug delivery or implant materials. In this framework, we present a Chemical Vapour Deposition process to synthesize titanium dioxide nanowires (NWs) on a commercially pure titanium substrate and we test the material in vitro as a culture substrate for murine osteoblast-like MC3T3-E1 cells. A physical-morphological, structural and optical-characterization of the inorganic samples is performed by Electron Microscopy techniques and X-ray Diffraction, showing that a mat of crystalline rutile TiO2 NWs is obtained over the commercial substrate. In vitro biological tests are performed by seeding MC3T3-E1 cells on the material and studying cell morphology, the cell-material interface and the osteoblast gene expression. These experiments show good cell adhesion to the nano-structured surface and a higher degree of early osteoblastic differentiation compared to control titanium surfaces, indicating that the present nano-structured material has good osteogenic potential for biomedical applications.
Titanium Dioxide Nanowires Grown on Titanium Disks Create a Nanostructured Surface with Improved In Vitro Osteogenic Potential / Lagonegro, P; Ghezzi, B; Fabbri, F; Trevisi, G; Nasi, L; Galli, C; Macaluso, Guido; Rossi, F. - In: JOURNAL OF NANOSCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY. - ISSN 1533-4880. - 19:8(2019), pp. 4665-4670-4670. [10.1166/jnn.2019.16350]
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