Many small molecules of food origin may effect human health but lack an adequate description of their biological activity. To fill this knowledge gap, a first-line workflow is needed to assign putative functions, rank the endpoints for testing and guide wet-lab experiments. In this framework, the identification of potential biological targets can be used to probe the activity of orphan compounds using a so-called “target fishing” approach. Here, we present a proof of concept study using an in silico/in vitro target fishing approach on the fungal secondary metabolite atromentin. The procedure relies on a computational screening for activity identification coupled with experimental trials for dose-response characterization. Computational results identified estrogen receptors and 17-β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase as potential targets. Experiments confirmed a weak estrogenic activity, supporting the reliability of the procedure. Despite limited estrogenicity of atromentin, the proposed inhibition of 17-β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase should be considered as a source for endocrine disruptive effects.

Hybrid in silico/in vitro target fishing to assign function to “orphan” compounds of food origin – The case of the fungal metabolite atromentin / Dellafiora, L.; Aichinger, G.; Geib, E.; Sanchez-Barrionuevo, L.; Brock, M.; Canovas, D.; Dall'Asta, C.; Marko, D.. - In: FOOD CHEMISTRY. - ISSN 1873-7072. - 270:(2019), pp. 61-69. [10.1016/j.foodchem.2018.07.027]

Hybrid in silico/in vitro target fishing to assign function to “orphan” compounds of food origin – The case of the fungal metabolite atromentin

Dellafiora L.;Dall'Asta C.
;
Marko D.
2019-01-01

Abstract

Many small molecules of food origin may effect human health but lack an adequate description of their biological activity. To fill this knowledge gap, a first-line workflow is needed to assign putative functions, rank the endpoints for testing and guide wet-lab experiments. In this framework, the identification of potential biological targets can be used to probe the activity of orphan compounds using a so-called “target fishing” approach. Here, we present a proof of concept study using an in silico/in vitro target fishing approach on the fungal secondary metabolite atromentin. The procedure relies on a computational screening for activity identification coupled with experimental trials for dose-response characterization. Computational results identified estrogen receptors and 17-β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase as potential targets. Experiments confirmed a weak estrogenic activity, supporting the reliability of the procedure. Despite limited estrogenicity of atromentin, the proposed inhibition of 17-β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase should be considered as a source for endocrine disruptive effects.
Hybrid in silico/in vitro target fishing to assign function to “orphan” compounds of food origin – The case of the fungal metabolite atromentin / Dellafiora, L.; Aichinger, G.; Geib, E.; Sanchez-Barrionuevo, L.; Brock, M.; Canovas, D.; Dall'Asta, C.; Marko, D.. - In: FOOD CHEMISTRY. - ISSN 1873-7072. - 270:(2019), pp. 61-69. [10.1016/j.foodchem.2018.07.027]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11381/2869843
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