This paper describes a methodology for hazard assessment of groups of related substances for which toxicity data are insufficient, and which utilises, next to conventional toxicological assessments and mechanistic information, the derivation of relative toxicity potency factors (RPFs). Zearalenone (ZEN) and T-2 toxin (T2) and HT-2 toxin (HT2) and their modified forms have been used as examples. A tolerable daily intake (TDI) for ZEN of 0.25 μg/kg bw was established. In vitro and in vivo studies suggested that modified forms of ZEN act via the same mode of action as ZEN (oestrogenicity). Results from in vivo uterotrophic assays were used to establish RPFs, allowing inclusion the different modified forms in a group TDI with ZEN. A TDI for the sum of T2/HT2 of 0.02 μg/kg bw per day and an acute reference dose (ARfD) of 0.3 μg/kg bw for the sum of T2/HT2 was established. In vitro studies show that phase I metabolites of T2/HT2 act via a similar mode of action as their parent compounds, namely protein synthesis inhibition with immune- and haematotoxicity. The phase I metabolites as well as conjugates of T2/HT2 and their phase I metabolites can be included in a group TDI with T2/HT2 applying RPFs.

Combined hazard assessment of mycotoxins and their modified forms applying relative potency factors: Zearalenone and T2/HT2 toxin / Steinkellner, H.; Binaglia, M.; Dall'Asta, C.; Gutleb, A. C.; Metzler, M.; Oswald, I. P.; Parent-Massin, D.; Alexander, J.. - In: FOOD AND CHEMICAL TOXICOLOGY. - ISSN 0278-6915. - 131:(2019), p. 110599. [10.1016/j.fct.2019.110599]

Combined hazard assessment of mycotoxins and their modified forms applying relative potency factors: Zearalenone and T2/HT2 toxin

Dall'Asta C.
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
2019-01-01

Abstract

This paper describes a methodology for hazard assessment of groups of related substances for which toxicity data are insufficient, and which utilises, next to conventional toxicological assessments and mechanistic information, the derivation of relative toxicity potency factors (RPFs). Zearalenone (ZEN) and T-2 toxin (T2) and HT-2 toxin (HT2) and their modified forms have been used as examples. A tolerable daily intake (TDI) for ZEN of 0.25 μg/kg bw was established. In vitro and in vivo studies suggested that modified forms of ZEN act via the same mode of action as ZEN (oestrogenicity). Results from in vivo uterotrophic assays were used to establish RPFs, allowing inclusion the different modified forms in a group TDI with ZEN. A TDI for the sum of T2/HT2 of 0.02 μg/kg bw per day and an acute reference dose (ARfD) of 0.3 μg/kg bw for the sum of T2/HT2 was established. In vitro studies show that phase I metabolites of T2/HT2 act via a similar mode of action as their parent compounds, namely protein synthesis inhibition with immune- and haematotoxicity. The phase I metabolites as well as conjugates of T2/HT2 and their phase I metabolites can be included in a group TDI with T2/HT2 applying RPFs.
Combined hazard assessment of mycotoxins and their modified forms applying relative potency factors: Zearalenone and T2/HT2 toxin / Steinkellner, H.; Binaglia, M.; Dall'Asta, C.; Gutleb, A. C.; Metzler, M.; Oswald, I. P.; Parent-Massin, D.; Alexander, J.. - In: FOOD AND CHEMICAL TOXICOLOGY. - ISSN 0278-6915. - 131:(2019), p. 110599. [10.1016/j.fct.2019.110599]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11381/2869834
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