To overcome non-programmability issues that limit the market penetration of renewable energies, the use of thermal energy storage has become more and more significant in several applications where there is a need for decoupling between energy supply and demand. The aim of this paper is to present a multi-node physics-based model for the simulation of stratified thermal energy storage, which allows the required level of detail in temperature vertical distribution to be varied simply by choosing the number of nodes and their relative dimensions. Thanks to the chosen causality structure, this model can be implemented into a library of components for the dynamic simulation of smart energy systems. Hence, unlike most of the solutions proposed in the literature, thermal energy storage can be considered not only as a stand-alone component, but also as an important part of a more complex system. Moreover, the model behavior has been analyzed with reference to the experimental results from the literature. The results make it possible to conclude that the model is able to accurately predict the temperature distribution within a stratified storage tank typically used in a district heating network with limitations when dealing with small storage volumes and high flow rates.

Development and analysis of a multi-node dynamic model for the simulation of stratified thermal energy storage / Cadau, N.; de Lorenzi, A.; Gambarotta, A.; Morini, M.; Rossi, M.. - In: ENERGIES. - ISSN 1996-1073. - 12:22(2019), p. 4275. [10.3390/en12224275]

Development and analysis of a multi-node dynamic model for the simulation of stratified thermal energy storage

Cadau N.;de Lorenzi A.;Gambarotta A.;Morini M.
;
Rossi M.
2019

Abstract

To overcome non-programmability issues that limit the market penetration of renewable energies, the use of thermal energy storage has become more and more significant in several applications where there is a need for decoupling between energy supply and demand. The aim of this paper is to present a multi-node physics-based model for the simulation of stratified thermal energy storage, which allows the required level of detail in temperature vertical distribution to be varied simply by choosing the number of nodes and their relative dimensions. Thanks to the chosen causality structure, this model can be implemented into a library of components for the dynamic simulation of smart energy systems. Hence, unlike most of the solutions proposed in the literature, thermal energy storage can be considered not only as a stand-alone component, but also as an important part of a more complex system. Moreover, the model behavior has been analyzed with reference to the experimental results from the literature. The results make it possible to conclude that the model is able to accurately predict the temperature distribution within a stratified storage tank typically used in a district heating network with limitations when dealing with small storage volumes and high flow rates.
Development and analysis of a multi-node dynamic model for the simulation of stratified thermal energy storage / Cadau, N.; de Lorenzi, A.; Gambarotta, A.; Morini, M.; Rossi, M.. - In: ENERGIES. - ISSN 1996-1073. - 12:22(2019), p. 4275. [10.3390/en12224275]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11381/2868671
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